Accessibility Page Navigation
Style sheets must be enabled to view this page as it was intended.
For tortoise, terrapin and turtle care and conservation

Veterinary References



A Top

Acholonu A.D. (1974)
Haemogregarina pseudemydis n.sp. (Apicomplexa: Haemogregarinidae) and Pirhemocyton chelonarum n.sp. in turtles from Louisiana.
J Protozool. 21:659-64

Ackermann, J. and Carpenter, J.W. (1995)
Using endoscopy to remove a gastric foreign body in a python.
Veterinary Medicine 90(8): 761-763.

Ackerman R.A. (1981)
Growth and gas exchange of embryonic sea turtles (Caretta caretta).
Copeia 1981(4): 757-765.

Ackerman R.A. (1996)
The Nest Environment and the embryonic Development of Sea Turtles
In Biology of the Sea Turtles Eds Lutz P. and Musick J.A., CRC Press pp 83-106

Acuna M.T., Diaz G., Bolqnos H., Barquero C., Sanchez L.M., Mora G., Chaves A. and Campos E. (1999)
Sources of Vibria mimicus contamination of turtle eggs
Appl Environ Microbiol 65 (1) 336-8

Adnyana W., Ladds P.W., Blair D. (1997)
Efficacy of praziquantel in the treatment of Green Sea Turtles with spontaneous infection of cardiovascular flukes
Australian Veterinary Journal 75,405-407

Ahne W. (1993)
Viruses of Chelonia
J Vet. Med. B 40 35-45

Allard H.A. (1949)
The eastern box turtle and its behaviour
J. Tennessee Acad. Sci 24: p 146-152

Alleman A.R., Jacobson E.R., Raskin R.E.(1996)
Morphologic & Cytochemical Characteristics of Blood Cells from the Desert Tortoise (Gopherus agassizii)
Proc 3rd Annual Conference Assoc. Reptilian & Amphibian Veterinarians pp 51-55

Altman B. (2000)
Seminars in Avian and Exotic Pet Medicine 9(4): 180-183.

Anderson N.L. and Wack R (1996)
The effects of temperature, sex and sample type on haematology and serum/plasma chemistry values for captive New Guinea Snapping Turtles Elseya novaeguineae.
Proc 3rd Annual Conference Assoc. Reptilian & Amphibian Veterinarians pp 43-50

Andrews R.M. (1982)
Patterns of growth in Reptiles
In: Biology of the Reptilia Vol 13 Physiology Eds Gans and Pough F.H.

Angulo F. (1997)
Here we go again? Reptile Associated Salmonellosis in Humans
Proc ARAV Houston, Texas Oct 24-27 p 65-66

Arnold J (1994)
White blood cell count discrepancies in Atlantic Loggerhead Sea Turtles: Nat-Herrick vs. Eosinophil Unopette.
Procedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association of Zoo Veterinarian Technicians, Cleveland, Ohio, pp15-22

Allan S.A., Simmons L.A., Burridge M.J (1998)
Establishment of the tortoise tick Mblyomma marmoreum on a reptile breeding facility in Florida.
J Med Entomol 35 (5) 621-4

Allen J.L (1999)
Use Of Pulse Oximetry In Monitoring Anaesthesia
In Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine: Current Therapy 4 (eds: Fowler M.E. and Miller R.E) Saunders p 2-3

Altland P.D., Highman B. and Wood B.J. (1951)
Some effects of X-irradiation on turtles
J. Exp. Zool. 118: 1-14

Al-Waili N.S. and Saloom K.Y. (1999)
Effects of topical honey on post-operative wound infections due to gram positive and gram negative bacteria following caesarean sections and hysterectomies.
Eur J Med Res 26; 4(3):126-30

Ashley (1955)
Laboratory anatomy of the turtle
1st edition, Wm.C. Brown Comp. Publishers, Dubuque, Iowa

M.B., Packard G.C. and Packard M.J. (1998)
Hatchling painted turtles survive only brief freezing of their bodily fluids
Comp. Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 120 (3) 405-8

Aucoin D. (1999)
Personal communication quoted in: ER Jacobson: ‘Use of antimicrobial drugs in reptiles’.
In: Fowler ME, Miller RE (eds): Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine; Current therapy, 4th edn. WB Saunders pp 190-200

Austwick P.K.C. and Keymer I.F. (1981)
Fungi and Actinomyces
In Diseases of the Reptilia (Cooper JE and Jackson OF, eds)
Academic press London p 193-231

Ayala S.C. (1978)
Checklist, host index and annotated bibliography of Plasmodium from reptiles
J Protozool 25(1): 87-100

B Top

Bailey J.E. and Pablo L.S. (1998)
Anaesthetic monitoring and monitoring equipment in small exotic pet practice
In "Seminars in Avian and Exotic Medicine" Vol 7 (1) Edited by J Cornick-Seahom p 53-60

Baillien M. and Schoffeniels E. (1961)
Origin of the potential difference in the intestinal epithelium of the turtle
Nature 190 p. 1107-1108

Baird I.L. (1970)
The anatomy of the reptilian ear
In: Biology of the Reptilia (Gans, C. and Parsons, T.S., eds.) Volume 2, Morphology B, Academic Press New York and London, pp. 193-275

Balazs G.H. (1986)
Resuscitation of a comatose green turtle
Herp. Rev. 17 (4) p 79-80

Barnard S.M. (1986)
Colour Atlas of Reptilian parasites. Part I: Protozoans.
Compend Contin Educ Pract Vet 8: 145-148

Barnard S.M. (1986)
Colour Atlas of Reptilian Parasites Part II: Flatworms and Roundworms
Compend Contin Educ Pract Vet 8: 259

Barnard S.M. (1986)
Colour Atlas of Reptilian Parasites Part III: Miscellaneous endoparasites
Compend Contin Educ Pract Vet 8: 267

Barnard S.M. (1986)
Colour Atlas of Reptilian Parasites Part IV: Pseudoparasites
Compend Contin Educ Pract Vet 8: 365

Barnard S.M. & Upton S.J (1993)
A Veterinary Guide to the Parasites of Reptiles, Vol 1.
Krieger Publishing Co. Florida

Barten S. L. (1982)
Fatal Mineralisation In A Red-Footed Tortoise
Veterinary Medicine Small Animal Clinician, April 1982 p 595-597

Barten S. L. (1995)
Methods of tube feeding, force feeding and assist feeding reptiles
Proc ARAV Sacramento California 1995, pp 50-55

Bartholomew G.A. (1959)
Photoperiodism in Reptiles
In Photoperiodism and related phenomena in plants and animals (Ed Withrow R. B.) Washington

Baze W.B. and Horne F.R. (1970)
Urogenesis in Chelonia
Comp Biochem Physiol 34, 91-100

Beck K., Loomis M Lewbart G. Spielman L., Papick M (1995)
Preliminary Comparison of gentamicin injected into the cranial and caudal limb musclature of the Eastern Box Turtle Terrapene Carolina Carolina
J Zoo and Wildl Med 26 (3) 265-268

Belanger L.F., Dimond M.T. and Copp D.H. (1973)
Histologic Observations On Bone And Cartilage Of Growing Turtles Treated With Calcitonin.
Gen Comp Endocrinol 20, 297-304

Belkin (1965)
Reduction Of Metabolic Rate In Response To Starvation In The Turtle Sternotherus minor
Coopeia 1965 (3): 367-368

Bellairs A and Kamal A.M. (1981)
The Chondocranium and The Development Of The Skull
In: Gans C and Parsons TS (eds) Biology of the Reptilia, Academic Press, London

Bennett AF, Dawson WR (1976)
In: C Gans, Dawson WR (eds): Biology of the Reptilia, Vol 5A. London, Academic Press, p 153

Bennett R.A. (1991)
Current Techniques in reptile anaesthesia and Surgery
In Proceedings American Association of Zoo Veterinarians and ARAV Annual Conference Pittsburgh pp 36-44

Bennett A.R. (1991a)
A review of Anaesthesia and Chemical Restraint in Reptiles
J Zoo Wildl Med 22 (93) pp 282-303

Bennett R.A. (1993a)
Reptilian Surgery Part II Management of Surgical Diseases
Comp. Cont. Ed. Pract. Vet. Vol 11 (2) Feb pp 122-133

Bennett R.A. (1993b)
Uterine Prolapse caused by a cystic calculus in a Californian Desert tortoise (Gopherus agassizii)
TNAVC proceedings (1993) p 766-767

Bennett R.A. (1995)
Reptile Anaesthesia
In: Kirks Current Veterinary Therapy XII W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia p 1349-1353

Bennett R.A. (1996)
Fracture Management
In: Mader (ed) Reptile Medicine and Surgery, WM Saunders, Philadelphia p 281-287

Bennett R.A. (1998)
Anaesthesia and Analgesia
In "Seminars in Avian and Exotic Medicine" Vol 7 (1) Edited by J Cornick-Seahom pp 30-40

Bennett R.A. (1998a)
Pain and Analgesia In Reptiles And Amphibians
Proceedings ARAV Kansas City 1998 pp 1-5

Bennett R.A. (1998b)
Clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic techniques
1998 Proc Assoc Reptilian Amphibian Vet pp 35-40

Bennett R.A. (1999)
Antibiotic PMMA beads for septic arthritis in the Green Iguana
Proc ICE pp 27-28

Bentley P.J. (1962)
Studies on the permeability of the large intestine and urinary bladder of the tortoise with special reference to the effects of neurohypophysical and adrenal hormones.
Gen Comp. Endocr 2: 323-328

Bentley P.J (1971)
Endocrines and osmoregulation
Springer Verlag, Heidelbergh

Bentley P.J. (1976)
In: C. Gans (ed): Biology of the Reptilia, Academic Press pp365-412

Bentley P.J. (1998)
Comparative Vertebrate Endocrinology (3rd edition)
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England, UK

Bentley T.B. and Dunbarr-Cooper A. (1980)
A blood sampling technique for Sea Turtles
Contract Na-80-GE-A-00082 for the National Marine Fisheries Service USA Sept 1980

Bernard J.B. (1995)
Spectral irradiance of fluorescent lamps and their efficacy for promoting vitamin D synthesis in herbivorous reptiles
PhD dissertation, Michigan State University

Berry K.H and Christopher M.M. (2001)
Guidelines for the field evaluation of desert tortoise health and disease
J. Wildlife Dis. 37 (3), pp. 427-450

Bienzle D., Boyd C.J., Valverde A. and Smith D.A. (1992)
Sedative effects of ketamine and midazolam in snapping turtles
J. Zoo Anim. Med 1992; 23 (2): pp 201-4

Biermann R., and Blahak S.(1994 )
First Isolation of herpesvirus from tortoises with diptheroid necrotising stomatitis
Second World Congress of Herpetology, Adelaide, Australia

Biermann R. (1995)
Isolierung und Characterisierung von Herpesviren bei Landschildkroten
Veterinary Medical Dissertation pp 34-43
Justus-Liebig-Universitat, Giessen, Germany

Bjorndal K.A., (1979)
Urine concentrations of ammonia, urea and uric acid in the green sea turtle Chelonia mydas,
Comp. Biochem. Physiol 63A pp 509-510

Bjorndal K.A. (1997)
Nutrition chapter
In: PL Lutz, JA Musick (eds.): The Biology of Sea Turtles. CRC Press.

Blahak S. (2000)
Infectious diseases in reptiles with special references to zoonoses
Der praktische Tierartz 81: 2 pp 113-126

Blakey C.S. and Kirkwood J.K. (1995)
Body Mass to length relationships in Chelonia
Vet Rec 137: 28

Blatchford D. (1987)
Environmental lighting in Reptiles
In: Proceedings of the 1986 UK Herpetological Societies Symposium on captive breeding (Ed J Coote) British Herpetological Society, London

Boever W.J. Caputo F. (1982)
Tilazol (CI 744) As An Anaesthetic Agent In Reptiles
Journal of Zoo Animal Medicine 1982; 13 (2): 59-61

Bolser M.A. (1988)
The epidemiology of Salmonellosis in pet turtles
Vet Med Review 8, (3) p 6-9.

Bolten A.B. and Bjorndal K. (1992)
Blood profiles for a wild population of Green Turtles Chelonia mydas in the southern Bahamas: size-specific and sex-specific relationships.
J Wildl Diseases 28(3): 407-413

Bolten A.B., Jacobson E.R., Bjorndal A. (1992)
Effects of anticoagulant and autoanalyzer on blood biochemical values of Loggerhead Sea Turtles Caretta caretta.
Am J Vet Res 53: pp 2224-2227

Bonath K. (1979)
Halothane anaesthesia in reptiles and its clinical control
Int ZooYearbook 1979; 19: pp 112-125

Bone R.D. (1992)
Gastrointestinal system
In: Benyon PH, Lawton MPC, Cooper JE (Eds): Manual of Reptiles, BSAVA, pp101-116

Bonner B.B. (2000)
Chelonian Therapeutics
Veterinary Clinics of North America: Exotic Animal Practice Vol 3, No 1 pp 257-332

Borkowski, R. (1997)
Lead poisoning and intestinal perforations in a snapping turtle (Chelydra serpentina) due to fishing gear ingestion. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 28(1): pp 109-113

Borondy P.E. Gelazo A.J. (1977)
Inhibition of ketamine metabolism by diazepam
Fed Proc 1977; 36: 938

Boudbid H., Legler A. Pidoux E. Vollej G.E., Toboulet J., Moukhtar M.S. and Trelihou-Lohilles F. (1987)
Localisation Of A Salmon Calcitonin-Like Molecule In One Type Of Ultimobranchial Cells In The Freshwater Turtle Pseudemys scripta
Gen. Comp. Endocrin. 65 pp 415-422

Bourdeau P. (1988)
Diseases of Turtles; disease of the skin and digestive tract
Point Vet 20 pp 871-884

Bowen G.S. (1977)
Prolonged Western Equine Encephalitis Viraemia In The Texas Tortoise (Gopherus berlandieri)
Am J Trop Med Hyg (26) pp 171-175

Boyer T.H. (1992)
Clinical anesthesia of reptiles
Bull ARAV Vol2 (2) p 10-12

Boyer T.H. and Boyer D.M. (1992)
Aquatic Turtle Care
ARAV Vol 2 (No 2) p 13-17

Boyer T.H. (1992a)
Common Problems of Box Turtles (Terrapene sp.) in Captivity
ARAV Bulletin Vol 2, No 1, p 9-14

Boyer T.H. (1992b)
Box Turtle Care
ARAV Bulletin Vol 2, No 1 p 14-17

Boyer D.M. and Boyer T.H. (1994)
Tortoise Care
ARAV Vol 4 (No 1) p 16-28

Boyer T.H. (1995)
Clinical Reptilian Microbiology
In Kirks Current Veterinary Therapy XII W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia p 1353

Boyer T.H. and Boyer D.M. (1996)
Turtles, Tortoises and Terrapins
In: Mader (ed) Reptile Medicine and Surgery
WM Saunders, Philadelphia pp 61-77

Boyer T. H. (1996a)
Differential Diagnosis By Symptom in Turtles Tortoises And Terrapins
In: Mader (ed) Reptile Medicine and Surgery, WB Saunders, Philadelphia pp 332-336

Boyer T. H. (1996b)
Hypovitaminosis A and Hypervitaminosis A
In Mader (ed) Reptile Medicine and Surgery, WB Saunders, Philadelphia pp 382-385

Boyer T.H. (1998)
Essentials of Reptiles
AAHA press Lakewood, Colorado

Brabant R.V. (1966)
Observations on the presence of Candida albicans in the faces of wild/captive animals
Acta. Zool. et Pathol Antv 41: 41-45

Bradley T. (2000)
Plastron Osteotomy And Intestinal Foreign Body Removal In An African Spurred Tortoise Geochelone sulcata
Proc ARAV Reno Nevada pp 155-157

Brannian R.E, Kirk C. and Williams D. (1987)
Anaesthetic induction of kinosternid turtles with halothane
J. Zoo Anim. Med 18: p115-117

Brannian R.E. (1992)
Reptile Surgical Procedures
In Current Veterinary Therapy (ed Kirk), Saunders, pp 1215-1219

Braune S. Geiss V. and Theil W. (1989)
A new herpesvirus-caused disease in tortoises
Tierarztl Prax. 17(4): 416-419.

Brearley, M.J., Cooper, J.E., Sullivan, M. (1991)
Colour Atlas of Small Animal Endoscopy. Endoscopy in Exotic Species. St. Louis, Mosby-Year Book, pp 111-122

Brotóns Campillo N.J., Frye F.L. (2002)
Preliminary report of subepidermal mite infestation in an African Spurred Tortoise Geochelone sulcata
Proceedings 9th annual ARAV conference p17

Brown D.R., Lackovich J.K. and Klein P.A. (1999)
Further evidence for the absence of papillomaviruses from sea turtle fibropapillomas
Vet Rec.145 pp 616-617

Brown M.B., Schumacher I.M., Klein P.A., Harris R.K., Correll T. and Jacobson E.R. (1994)
Mycoplasma agassizii causes upper respiratory tract disease in the desert tortoise (Gopherus agassizii)
Inf Immun. 62: 4580-4586

Brown M.B and Ewing M.L (1997)
Mycoplasmal Infections
In: Altman R.B., Clubb S.L., Dorrestein G.M. and Quesenberry K.: Avian Medicine and Surgery, WB Saunders, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania pp 380-383.

Bryant RE, Hammond D (1974)
Interaction of purulent material with antibiotics used to treat Pseudomonas infections.
Antimicrob. Ag. Chemother. 6:702

Burger J.W. (1937)
Experimental periodicity in the male turtle Pseudemys elegans
Am Nat 71 481-487

Burger J., Carruth-Hinchey C., Ondroff J., Gibbons J.W. and Gochfeld M (1998)
Effects of Lead on behaviour, growth and survival of hatchling slider turtles.
J Toxicol. Environ Health. 11:55 (7) 495-502

Burke T.J., Rosenburg D., Smith A.R. (1978)
Infectious stomatitis – a perspective
Am Ass Zoo Vet Ann Procs 190

Burke T.J. (1986)
Reptile Anaesthesia
In: Fowler (Ed): Zoo And Wild Animal Medicine: Saunders, Philadelphia pp 153-155

Burridge M.J., Kern W.H. and Simmons L.A. (2000)
Exotic Ticks on Imported Reptiles: Their Significance and Control
University of Florida Extension Fact Sheet VM-103

Burridge MJ (2000)
Significance and Control of Exotic Ticks on Imported Reptiles.
Proceedings ARAV Reno, Nevada p 121-122

Butler P.J., Milsom W.K. and Wolkes A.J. (1984)
Respiratory, cardiovascular and metabolic adjustments during steady state swimming in the green sea turtle.
J Comp Physiol (B) 154: pp 167-174

Bush BM (1991)
Interpretation of Laboratory Results for Small Animal Clinicians,
Blackwell, Oxford pp 18-20

Bush M, Custer RS, Smeller JM, Charache P, Arthur R (1977)
Preliminary study of Gentamicin in Turtles
Am Ass Zoo Vet Ann Procs, USA p 50

Bush M, Custer RS, Smeller JM, Charache P (1980)
Recommendations for antibiotic therapy in reptiles
In: Murphy JB, Collins JT (eds): SSAR Contributions to Herpetology number 1: Reproductive biology and diseases of captive reptiles p 223

C Top

Caballero R.G. (1971)
Contribucion al conocimiento de los neamtodes que parasitan los reptiles de Mexico
Rev. Biol. Trop.18: 149-154

Cabanes F.J., Alonso J.M., Castella G., Alegre F., Domingo M. and Pont S. (1997)
Cutaneous hyalohyphomycosis caused by Fusarium solani in a Loggerhead Sea Turtle Caretta caretta.
J Clin Microbiol 35(12): 3343-5

Calderwood H.W. (1971)
Anaesthesia for Reptiles
JAVMA 159 (11) p 1618-1625

Caligiuri RL, Kollias GV, Jacobson ER and others (1990)
The effects of ambient temperature on amikacin pharmacokinetics in Gopher Tortoises
J Vet Pharmacol Ther 13: 287

Callard I.P., Doolittle J., Banks W.L. and Chan W.C (1972)
Hypothalamic regulation of endocrine function: Recent studies on the control of the Reptilian Ovarian cycle
Gen Comp. Endocrinol., Suppl 3, pp 65-75

Callard I.P., McChesney I., Scanes C and Callard G.V. (1976)
The influence of mammalian and avian gonadotrophins on in vitro ovarian steroid synthesis in the turtle (Chrysemys picta)
Gen. Comp. Endocrinol. 28, pp 2-9

Camin J.H., Moss W.W. and Oliver J.H. (1967)
Cloacaridae, A New Family of Cheyletoid Mites from the Cloaca of Aquatic Turtles
J Med Ent 4: 261-272

Campbell T.W. (1996)
Clinical Pathology.
Mader DR (ed): Reptile Medicine and Surgery. WB Saunders, Philadelphia, 1996, pp 248-257

Campbell T.W. (1996)
Sea Turtle Rehabilitation
In: Mader (ed) Reptile Medicine and Surgery
WM Saunders, Philadelphia pp 427-436

Capel-Edwards K. and Pratt D.A. (1981)
Renal tolerance of ceftazidime in animals
J Antimicrob Chemother 8: suppl. B pp 241-245

Carpano M. (1939)
Sui piroplasmidi dei cheloni e su una nuova specie rinvenuta nelle tartarughe Nuttalia guglielmi.
Riv. Parassitol: 3:267-276

Carr A.F. and Carr M.H (1970)
Modulated reproductive periodicity in Chelonia
Ecology 51, pp 335-337

Casares M., Rubel A. and Honegger R.E. (1997)
Observations on the female reproductive cycle of captive giant tortoises (Geochelone spp.) using ultrasound scanning
J Zoo Wildl Med 28 (3) pp 267-73

Casey, R. N., S. L. Quackenbush, T. M. Work, G. H. Balazs, P. R. Bowser, and J. W. Casey (1997).
Evidence for retrovirus infections in green turtles Chelonia mydas from the Hawaiian Islands.
Dis. Aquat. Org. 31(1): 1-7.

Cascone O., Turyn D., Dellacha J.M., Machado V.L.A., Marques M., Vita N., Cassan C., Ferrara P. and Guillemot J.C. (1991) Isolation, purification and primary structure of insulin from the turtle Chrysemys dorbigni Gen. Comp. Endocr. 74, 209-214
Chan S.W.C. and Callard I.P. (1974)
Reptilian ovarian steroidogenesis and the influence of mammalian gonadotrophins (FSH and LH) in vitro
J Endocrinol 62, pp 267-275

Chelville N.F. (1994)
Ultrastructural pathology; An introduction to interpretation
Iowa State university press, Ames, Iowa pp 502-514, 527-530

Chen ZX, Zheng JC, and Jiang YL (1999)
A new iridovirus isolated from soft-shelled turtle.
Virus Res 1999 Sep; 63 (1-2): pp 147-51

Chiodini R.J. and Sundberg J.P (1981)
Salmonellosis in Reptiles: A review
Am J Epidemiol 113 pp 494-499

Christopher M.M, Brigmon R. and Jacobson E. (1994)
Seasonal alterations in plasma beta-hydroxy-butyrate and related biochemical parameters in the Desert Tortoise Gopherus agassizii
Comp. Biochem. Physiol.
108A: 303-310

Chromanski J.M., George R.H. and Bellmund S.A (1987)
Nutritional Benefit Of A Marine Animal Gelatin Diet As Measured By Sea Turtle Blood Chemistry Values.
In: Proc. Am. Ass. of Zoos, Parks and Aquariums, Portland Oregon 1987 , 501

Clark A.M. and Zemcov S.J.V. (1981)
In vitro activity of ceftazidime compared with other beta-lactam antibiotics.
J Antimicrob Chemother 8: suppl. B pp 57-62

Clarke N.G. (1965)
Experimental And Histopathological Studies Of The Parathyroid Glands Of Freshwater Turtles
Gen. Comp. Endocr. 5 pp 297-312

Cook et al, (1965)
A serological study of infectious diseases of wild populations in South Texas. Trans. North Amer. Wildlife Natur. Res. Conf., 30: pp 142-155

Cooper J.E. (1976)
Veterinary Attention for Reptiles
In: Grunsell C.S. and Hill F.W.G. (eds) The Veterinary Annual, Wright and Sons, Bristol. 16 pp 232+

Cooper J.E. and Jackson O.F. (1981)
Diseases of the Reptilia Volumes 1 and 2
Academic Press

Cooper J.E. and Jackson O.F. (1981)
Miscellaneous Diseases
In: Diseases of the Reptilia (Cooper JE and Jackson OF, eds)
Academic press London pp 501-502

Cooper J.E. (1981)
In: Diseases of the Reptilia (Cooper JE and Jackson OF, eds)
Academic Press London pp 165-192

Cooper J.E., Jackson O.F. and Harshbarger J.C. (1983)
A Neurilemmal Sarcoma in a tortoise (Testudo hermanni)
J Comp Path, Vol 39 pp 541-545

Cooper J.E., Ewbank R., Rosenberg M.E. (1984)
Euthanasia of Tortoises
Vet Rec 115 p 635

Cooper J.E., Geschmeissner S. and Bone R.D. (1988)
Herpesvirus-like Particles in Necrotic Stomatitis of Tortoises
Veterinary Record 123 (21) p 544

Cooper J.E., Lawton M.P.C., Jacobson E.R. and Zwart P. (1991)
Deaths In Tortoises.
Veterinary Record 128 (15) p 364

Cooper J.E. (1994)
Viral Diseases of Reptiles
British Herpetological Society Bulletin 47 pp 9-11

Coppoolse, K.J. and Zwart, P. (1985)
Cloacoscopy in reptiles
Veterinary Quarterly 7(3): pp 243-245.

Cox W.R., Rapley W.A., and Barker I.K. (1980)
Herpesvirus-Like Infection In A Painted Turtle (Chrysemys picta).
J Wildl Dis Jul. 16 (3): pp 445-449.

Crane SW, Curtis M, Jacobson ER and others (1980)
Neutralising bone-plate repair of a fractured humerus in an Aldabra Tortoise
J Am Vet Med Assoc 177: pp 945-948

Cranfield M. and Graczyk T. (1995)
An update on cryptosporidiosis

Cranfield M., Graczyk T. and Lodwick L. (1996)
Cryptosporidia serpentis
Proc 3rd Annual Conference Assoc. Reptilian & Amphibian Veterinarians pp 87-88

Cranfield M. and Graczyk T. (1999)
New approaches for diagnosis of Entamoeba infections in captive reptiles
1999 Proc Assoc Reptilian Amphibian Vet pp 17-18

Croce A. (1984)
L'uovo Sotto la Corazza
Scienza Veterinaria, Maggio-Giugno 21-23

Crossley D., Altmiras J. and Wang T. (1998)
Hypoxia elicits an increase in pulmonary vasculature resistance in anaesthetised turtles
J Exp Biol 201 (24) pp 3367-75

Cunningham A.A. and Gill C. (1992)
Management in Captivity
In: Manual Of Reptiles. Eds: Beynon PH, Cooper JE and Lawton MPC (1992) BSAVA, Cheltenham pp 14-32

Cunningham A.A., (2000).
Emerging infectious diseases and amphibian declines,
Proc BVZS Spring p 35-37 and personal communication, BVZS Spring Meeting "Emerging Diseases" Cotswold Wildlife Park, Burford

Current W.L. (1999)
Cryptosporidium species
In: Fowler ME, Miller RE (eds): Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine; Current therapy, 4th edn. WB Saunders

Curry SS, Brown DR, Gaskin JM, Jacobson ER, Ehrhart LM, Blahak S, Herbst LH, Klein PA., (2000) Persistent infectivity of a disease-associated herpesvirus in green turtles after exposure to seawater. J Wildl Dis 2000 Oct; 36(4): pp 792-7

D Top

Dacke C.G. (1979)
Calcium regulation in sub-mammalian vertebrates
London, Academic Press

Dalrymple J.M., Joung O.P., Elgridge B.F. and Russel P.K. (1972)
Ecology of arboviruses in a Maryland freshwater swamp
Am J Epidemiol (96) pp 129-140

Dantzler W. H. and Schmidt-Nielson B. (1966)
Excretion in the fresh-water turtle (Pseudemys scripta) and desert tortoise (Gopherus agassizii)
Am J Physiol pp 198-210

Dantzler W.H. (1976)
Renal Function (with special emphasis on Nitrogen Excretion)
In Gans, C and Dawson WR (eds.): Biology of the Reptilia, Volume 5, Physiology A.
London, Academic Press, 1976, pp 447- 503.

Dantzler W.H. (1992)
Comparative physiology of the kidney
In: Widhanger (ed) Handbook of renal physiology, Oxford University Press pp 415-474

Darlington A.F. and Davis R.B. (1990)
Reproduction in the Pancake tortoise (Malacochersus tonieri) in captive collections
Herp Review 21 (1) 1990 pp 16-18

Darwin C., (1839)
The Voyage of the Beagle
Bantam Books, New York (reprinted 1958)

Darwin C (1845)
Journal of researches into the natural history and geology of the countries visited during the voyage of HMS Beagle round the world
George Routledge and Sons, London p 279

Davies D.G. and Sexton J.A. (1987)
Brain ECF and central chemical control of ventilation during anoxia in turtles
Am J Physiol 252 pp 848-852

Davies P.M.C. (1981)
Anatomy and Physiology
In: Diseases of the Reptilia (Cooper JE and Jackson OF eds)
Academic Press London pp 9-67

David P. (1994)
Liste des reptiles actuels du monde
I. Chelonii. Dumerilia. Volume 1 Juin 1994

Dawson W.R. (1975)
On The Physiological Significance Of The Preferred Body Temperatures Of Reptiles
In: Gates DM and Schmer RB (eds): Perspectives In Biophysical Ecology, Springer Verlag NY pp 443-473

Dawson WR (1976)
Biology of the Reptilia
Volume 5, Physiology A. London, Academic Press, 1976, pp 447- 503.

Deeming D. and Ferguson M. (1991)
Physiological effects of incubation temperature on embryonic development in reptiles and birds
In: D. Deeming and M. Ferguson (eds): Egg Incubation: its Effects on Embryonic Development in Birds and Reptiles
Cambridge University Press, England, pp 147-172

Demetropoulus A. and Hadjichristophorou M. (1985)
Manual on Marine Turtle Conservation in the Mediterranean
UNEP (MAP) SPA/IUCN/CWS/Fisheries Department, MANRE (Cyprus)

Denardo, D. (1986)
Calcium, Phosphorus and Vitamin D: Their Functions and Interrelations.
Northern California Herpetological Society Newsletter 5(2): pp 2-5.

DeNardo D. (1996)
Reproductive Biology
In: Mader D.R. (ed): Reptile Medicine and Surgery. WB Saunders, Philadelphia, 1996, pp 212-223

Derikson W. K. (1976)
Lipid Storage And Utilisation In Reptiles
Am Zool 16: p 711

De Shaw, B., Schoenfeld, A., Cook, R.A. and Haramati, N. (1996)
Imaging of reptiles: A comparison study of various radiographic techniques.
Journal Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 27(3): pp 364-370

Dessauer, H.C (1970)
Blood chemistry of reptiles
In: Gans, C. Parsons TS (eds): Biology of the Reptilia, Vol 3. San Diego, Academic Press, 1970 pp1-72

Desvages G., Girondot M. and Pieau C. (1990)
Sensitive stages for the effects of temperature on gonadal activity in embryos of the marine turtle Dermochelys coriacea
Gen Comp Endocrin 92 p54

De Vosjoli P. (1996)
General Care and Maintenance of Popular Tortoises,
Advanced Vivarium Systems, Santee, CA

Dickinson V.M., Duck T., Schwalbe C.R., Jarchow J.L. and Trueblood M.H. (2001)
Nasal And Cloacal Bacteria In Free-Ranging Desert Tortoises From The Western United States
J Wildl Dis 2001 Apr; 37(2): pp 252-7

Divers S.J. (1996)
Use of propofol in reptile anaesthesia
Proc ARAV Tampa, Florida 1996, pp 57-60

Divers S.J. (1996a)
Basic Reptile Husbandry, History Taking and Clinical Examination.
In Practice 18: p 51

Divers S.J. (1996b)
Ultraviolet lights for reptiles
Veterinary Record 138 pp 627-628

Divers S.J. (1996c)
Medical and Sugical Treatment of Pre-ovulatory Ova Stasis and Post-Ovulatory Egg Stasis in Oviparous Lizards
Proceedings ARAR Third Annual Conference, Tampa, Florida: pp 119-124

Divers S. (1997a)
Medical and Surgical Treatment of Reptile Dystocias
Proceedings of the 21st Waltham/OSMU Symposium for the treatment of small animal disease - Exotics Colombus Ohio pp 75-81

Divers S. J. (1997)
Emergency care of the critically ill reptile
Proc ARAV Houston Texas 1997 pp 153-162

Divers S.J. (1998)
Reptilian Renal and Reproductive Disease Diagnosis
In: Fudge, ed, Laboratory Medicine: Avian and exotic pets, WB Saunders, Philadelphia

Divers S.J. (1998a)
The diagnosis and treatment of lower respiratory tract disease in tortoises with particular regard to intrapneumonic therapy
Proc ARAV Kansas 1998, pp 95-98

Divers S.J. (1998b)
Two cases of reptile Mycobacteriosis
Proc ARAV Kansas 1998, pp 133-138

Divers, S.J. (1998c)
An introduction to reptile endoscopy.p
Proceedings of the Association of Reptilian and Amphibian Veterinarians Fifth Annual Conference, Kansas City, Missouri pp 41-45.

Divers S.J. (1999)
Clinical Evaluation of Reptiles
In: Orcutt, C.J. The Veterinary Clinics of North America, Exotic Animal Practice, Physical Examination and Preventative Medicine May 1999 pp 291-332, Saunders, Philadelphia

Divers, S. J. and Rayment L. (1999)
Stifle dislocation and cruciate repair in a tortoise (Testudo graeca)
Proc BVZS Autumn 1999, pp 42-43

Divers S.J. and Lawton M.P.C. (1999)
Antibiotic-impregnated polymethylmethacrylate beads as a treatment for osteomyelitis in reptiles
Proc ARAV Columbus Ohio 1999 pp 145-147

Divers S.J. (2000)
Two techniques for endoscopic evaluation of the chelonian lung
Proc ARAV Reno Nevada pp 123-125

Divers S.J. and Cooper J.E. (2000)
Reptile Hepatic Lipidosis
Seminars in Avian and exotic Pet Medicine Vol 9, No3 (July) pp 153-164

Dodd CK (2001)
North American Box Turtles, A Natural History
University of Oaklahoma Press

Dollinger P., Pagan O., Jermann T., Baumgartiner R. and Honegger R.E. (1997)
Husbandry and pathology of Land Tortoises (Testudinae) in Swiss Zoos
Verh. bei. Erkrg. Zootiere 38: pp 7 - 16

Done L.B. (1996)
In: D.R. Mader (ed): Reptile Medicine and Surgery. Philadelphia, WB Saunders pp 382-385

Done L.B. (1996)
Postural abnormalities
In: Mader (ed): Reptile Medicine and Surgery
WM Saunders, Philadelphia pp 406-411

Donoghue S. (1995a)
Clinical Nutrition of reptiles and amphibians
Proc ARAV Sacramento California 1995, pp 16-37

Donoghue S. (1995b)
Nutrition support
Proc ARAV Sacramento California 1995, pp 43-54

Donoghue S. (1996)
Nutrition of the Tortoise
Proc ARAV Tampa, Florida 1996, pp 21-30

Donoghue S.J. and Langenberg J. (1996)
In: Mader (ed) Reptile Medicine and Surgery, WM Saunders, Philadelphia pp 148-174

Drury S.E.N., Gough R.E., McArthur S. and Jessop M. (1998)
Detection Of Herpesvirus-Like And Papillomavirus-Like Particles Associated With Diseases Of Tortoises.
Vet Rec (1998) 143, p 639

Drury S.E.N., Gough R.E. and McArthur S. (1999a)
Isolation and identification of herpesvirus and papillomavirus from tortoises in Great Britain
Proc ARAV, Columbus Ohio 1999 pp 69-77

Drury S.E.N., Gough R.E., Kay A.V. and McArthur S. (1999b)
Detection and Isolation of a herpesvirus from a spur-thighed tortoise (Testudo graeca) in the UK
Vet Rec 145 pp 586-588

Drury S.E.N., Gough R.E., and McArthur S.D.J. (2001)
Detection and isolation of a flavivirus-like agent from a leopard tortoise (Geochelone pardalis) in the United Kingdom
Vet Rec 148 p 452

Dunson W.A. and Weymouth R.D. (1965)
Active uptake of sodium by softshell turtles Trionyx spinifer
149: pp 67-69

Dunson W. A. (1976)
Salt glands in reptiles
In: Biology of the Reptilia Vol 5, Gans C and Dawson W.R. (eds) Academic press, New York pp 329-353

Duponte M.W., Nakamura R.M. and Chang E.M.L (1978)
Activation of latent Salmonella and Arizona organisms by dehydration in Red-eared Turtles Pseudemys scripta elegans
Am J Vet Res 39 pp 529-530

Du Preez L.H., Lim L.H. (2000)
Neopolystoma liewi sp.n. (Monogenea: polystomatidae) from the eye of the Malayan box turtle Curoa amboinensis.
Folia parasitol (Praha) 47(1): pp 11-16

Duvall D., Guillette Jr L.J and Jones R.E. (1982)
Environmental Control of Reptilian Reproductive Cycles
In: The Biology of the Reptilia Vol 13 (Eds Gans C. and Harvey Plough F.) pp 201-234

E Top

Eckert K.L., Bjorndal K.A. Abreu-Grobois F.A. and Donnely M. (1999)
Research And Management Techniques For The Conservation Of Sea Turtles
IUCN/SSC pp 202-207

Edwards M.S. (1991)
Dietary Husbandry Of Large Herbivorous Reptiles.
Proceedings ARAV 1991 pp 139-143

Effron M, Griner L, Benirschke K (1977)
Nature and rate of neoplasia in captive wild mammals, birds and reptiles at necropsy
J.Natl.Cancer Inst. 59: pp 185-198

Elkan E. and Zwart P. (1967)
The Ocular Disease of Young terrapins Caused by Deficiency of Vitamin A
Path Vet 4: pp 201-222

Elkan E. (1980)
Reptilian fat bodies: A short review
British Journal of Herpetology Vol 6 pp 75-77

Ernst C. and Barbour R. (1989)
Turtles of the World
Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C.

Evans H.E. (1986)
Reptiles: Introduction and Anatomy
In: Fowler M.E (1986) Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine. (2nd Edition) W. B. Saunders pp 113-118

Ewert M.A. and Legler J.M. (1978)
Hormonal induction of oviposition in turtles
Herpetologica 34: pp 314-318

Ewert M.A. (1979)
The embryo and its egg: development and natural history.
In: M. Harless and H. Morlock (eds). Turtles Perspectives and Research.
John Wiley and Sons, Inc., U.S.A. pp 333-416

Evans A.S. (1976a)
Causation and disease: the Henle-Kochs postulates revisited.
Yale J. Biol. Med. 49: pp 175-195

Evans A.S. (1976b)
Limitations of Koch’s postulates
Lancet ii: 1277

Evans R.H. (1983)
Chronic Bacterial Pneumonia In Free Ranging Eastern Box Turtles (Terrapene carolina carolina)
J Wildlife Dis 19 : 349-352

Ewert M.A. and Legler J.M. (1978)
Hormonal induction of oviposition in turtles
Herpetologica 34: pp 314-318

Ewert, M. (1985)
Embryology of turtles
In: C. Gans (ed.): Biology of the Reptilia V.14. Development A. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. pp 75-268

F Top

Fayer R., Graczyk T. and Cranfield M.1995
Multiple heterogeneous isolates of Cryptosporidium serpentis from captive snakes are not cross-transmissible to neonatal BALB/c mice (Mus musculus)
J. Parasit.

Feldman E.C. (1995)
Disorders of the parathyroid glands
In Textbook of Internal Veterinary Medicine: Ettinger SJ and Feldman EC (eds) WB Saunders, Philadelphia pp 1437-1466

Fenchel T. M. McRoy C.P. Ogden J.C. Parker P. and Rainey W.E. (1979)
Symbiotic cellulose degradation in Green Turtles
Applied and environmental microbiology 37 (2) pp 348-355

Fernandez J., Lutz P., Tannenbaum A., Todorov A.T. Liebovitch L. and Vertes R. (1997)
Encephalogram activity in the anoxic turtle brain
Am J Physiol 273 (RICP 42) pp 911-919

Ferrer C. and others (1987)
The liver of Testudo graeca: A comparative study of hibernating and non-hibernating animals
J Submicrosc Cytol Apr 19 (2) p 275

Finlayson R. and Woods S.J. (1977)
Arterial Diseases of Reptiles
Journal of the Zoological Society London 183 pp 397-410

Figures J.M. (1997)
Treatment of Articular Gout in a Mediterranean Pond Turtle (Mauremys leprosa)
Bull ARAV 7 (4): pp 5-7

Fitch A.V. (1965)
Sensory cues in the feeding of the ornate box turtle
Trans. Kansas Acad. Sci. 68: pp 522-532

Flammer (1997)
In: Altman R.B., Clubb S.L., Dorrestein G.M. and Quesenberry K.: Avian Medicine and Surgery, WB Saunders, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania pp 364-379

Fletcher J.J. (1994)
Flourescent tubes
Vet Rec 134 p 312

Fonda D. (1999)
Intraosseous anaesthesia with propofol in Red-eared Sliders Trachemys scripta elegans
Proc. Ass. of Vet. Anaesthetists of European soc. of Lab. An. Med., Newcastle 1999

Fowler M.E. (1980)
Comparison of respiratory infection and hypovitaminosis A in desert tortoises
In: Montali RJ and Migaki G (eds): Comparative Pathology of Zoo animals, Washington DC, Smithsonian Institution Press p 93

Fowler M.E. (1978)
Metabolic bone disease
In: Fowler M.E. (ed) Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine. W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia pp 55-76

Fowler M.E (1986)
Metabolic bone disease
In: Fowler M.E. (ed) Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine. (2nd Edition) W. B. Saunders, Philadelphia pp 70-90

Fox A.M. and Musacchia X.J. (1959)
Notes on the pH of the digestive tract of Chrysemys picta.
Copeia 4 pp 337-339

Fox A.M. (1961)
Transport of monosaccharids by intestinal segments of the painted turtle Chrysemys picta
Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 3 pp 285-269

Frank W. and Reichel K. (1977)
Erfahrungen bei der Bekaempfung von Nematoden und Cestoden bei Reptilien und Amphibien.
In: Erkrankungen der Zootiere. Verh. Ber. XIX int. symp. Erk. de Zootiere, Poznan pp 107-114. Akademie Verlag, Berlin

Frank W (1981)
In: Cooper JE, Jackson OF (eds.): Diseases of the Reptilia Volume 1, Academic Press pp 234-358

Frost J.W. and Schmidt A. (1997)
Serological evidence for susceptibility of various tortoise species to herpesvirus infection
38 Internationalen Symposiums uber die Erkrankungen der Zoo und Wildtiere Vom 7-11 Mai 1997. Zurich / Scweiz pp 25-27

Frye F.L. (1974)
Clinical obstetric and gynecologic disorders in reptiles
Proc Am Anim Hosp Ass p 497

Frye F.L. and Schuchman S. (1974)
Salpingotomy and Caesarian Delivery of Impacted Ova In A Tortoise
Veterinary Medicine / Small Animal Clinician (69), April 1974, pp 454-458.

Frye F.L. and Dutra F.R. (1974)
Hypothyroidism in turtles and tortoises
Vet Med Small Anim Clin 7 pp 990-993

Frye F.L. and Dutra F.R. (1976)
Articular pseudogout in a turtle
Vet Medicine/Small Animal Clinician May 1976 pp 655-659

Frye F.L (1976)
Multiple ova-shell anomalies as a cause for dystocia in a tortoise Geochelone carbonaria
J Herp 10: p 264

Frye F.L., Dutra F.R., Carney J.D., Johnson B. (1976)
Spontaneous Diabetes Mellitus in a Turtle
Vet Medicine/Small Animal Clinician July 1976 pp 935-939

Frye F.L., Oshiro L.S., Dutra F.R. and Carney J.D. (1977)
Herpesvirus-like infection in two Pacific Pond Turtles
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association Vol 171 (9) pp 882-883

Frye F.L. (1981)
Biomedical and Surgical Aspects of Captive Reptile Husbandry
1st Edn VM Publishing Company Edwardsville Kansas pp 296-307

Frye F.L. (1986)
Hematology of Captive Reptiles.p
In: Fowler ME (ed): Zoo & Wild Animal Medicine, 2nd Ed., WB Saunders 1986, pp 181-184

Frye F.L. Dybal N.O. and Harshbanger J.C. (1988)
Malignant interstitial cell tumour in a tortoise (Gopherus agassizi)
J Zoo An Med 19 (1-2): pp 55-58

Frye F.L. (1989)
Vitamin A sources, Hypovitaminosis A and iatrogenic Hypervitaminosis A in captive chelonians.
In Current Veterinary Therapy X, Saunders, Philadelphia

Frye F.L. (1991)
Biomedical and Surgical Aspects of Captive Reptile Husbandry 2nd Ed.
Melbourne FL, Krieger Publishing Company pp 345-392

Frye F.L. (1991)
A Practical Guide for Feeding Captive Reptiles
Kreiger Pub Co, Malabar, FL pp 113-129

Frye F.L. (1991)
Reproduction in Reptiles
Biomedical and Surgical Aspects of Captive Reptile Husbandry 2nd Edn
Melbourne FL, Krieger Publishing Company pp 345-392

Frye F.L. (1994)
Reptile Clinicians Handbook
Kreiger Publishing Co Malabar, Florida

Frye F.L. and Williams D.L. (1995)
Self assessment colour review of reptiles and amphibians.
Manson Publishing

Frye F.L. (1999b)
Spontaneous autoimmune pancreatitis and diabetes mellitus in a Western Pond Turtle Clemmys marmorata
1999 Proc Assoc Reptilian Amphibian Vet pp 103-106

Fudge A.M. (2000)
Laboratory Medicine: Avian and exotic pets
WB Saunders, Philadelphia

Funk R.S. (1997)
Collecting laboratory samples from and treating large tortoises
1997 Proceedings Association of Reptilian and Amphibian Veterinarians p 105

G Top

Galbraith D.A. (1993)
Multiple paternity and sperm storage in turtles
Herpet Journ 3: pp 117-123

Gans C. and Hughes G.M. (1967)
The Mechanism of lung ventilation in the tortoise (Testudo graeca)
J Exp Biol 47: pp 1-20

Garner M.M., Homer B.L., Jacobson E.R., Raskin R.E., Hall B.J., Weis W.A. and Berry K.H. (1996)
Staining and morphologic features of bone marrow haematopoietic cells in desert tortoises (Gopherus agassizii)
Am J Vet Res 57(11): pp 1608-1615

Garner M.M., Gardiner C., Linn M., McNamara T.S., Raphael B., Lung N.P., Kelinpeter D., Norton T.M. and Jacobson E.R. (1998)
Seven new cases of intranuclear coccidiosis in tortoises: an emerging disease?
Proc AAZV/AAWV pp 1-73

Gauvin J. (1993)
Drug Therapy in reptiles.
Sem Avian Exotic Pet Med 2(1): pp 48-59

Gehrmann W.H. (1987)
Ultraviolet Irradiancies of various lamps used in animal husbandry
Zoo Biol 6: pp 117-127

Gehrmann W.H. (1994)
Light Requirements Of Captive Amphibians And Reptiles
In Captive Management and Conservation of Amphibians and Reptiles Murphy J.B. and Collins J.T. (Eds) Society for the Stusy of Amphib, Reptiles, Ithaca pp 83-89

George R.H. (1997)
Health problems and Diseases of Sea Turtles
In: PL Lutz, JA Musick (eds.): The Biology of Sea Turtles, CRC Press, pp 363-385

Ghebremeskel K., Williams G., Spratt D. and Samour H.J. (1991)
Plasma biochemistry of free-living giant tortoises Geochelone gigantea on Curieuse Island (Seychelles).
Comp.Biochem.Physiol. 99A: pp 65-67

Gibbons J.W. and Greene J.L (1979)
X-ray photography: A technique to determine reproductive patterns of freshwater turtles
Herpetologica 35: pp 86-89

Gilles-Baillien M (1970)
Permeability characteristics of the intestinal epithelium and hibernation in Testudo hermanni Gmelin
Archs. Int. Physiol. Biochem. 78 pp 327-338.

Gilles-Baillien M, Schoffeniels E (1965)
Variations Saisonnières dans la Composition du Sang de la Tortue Greque Testudo hermanni.
Anna Soc R Zool Belg 95: pp 75-79

Girgis S. (1961)
Aquatic Respiration In The Common Nile Turtle (Trionyx triunguis)
Cop. Biochem. Phisiol: p 206

Gist D.H. and Congdon J.D.
Oviductal Sperm Storage as a reproductive tactic of turtles
J Exp Zool 282 (4-5) pp 526-34

Glazebrook J.S., Campbell R.S.F. and Blair D. (1981)
Pathological Changes Associated With Cardiovascular Trematodes In A Green Sea Turtle
J Comp Pathol 91: p 361

Glazebrook J.S., Campbell R.S.F. and Blair D. (1989)
Studies On Cardiovascular Fluke Infections In Sea Turtles From The Great Barrier Reef.
J Comp Pathol 101: p 231

Glazebrook J.S. and Campbell R.S.F. (1990)
A Survey Of Diseases Of Marine Turtles In Northern Australia II Oceanarium-Reared And Wild Turtles
Diseases Aquat Org 9: pp 97-124

Göbel T and Spörle H. (1992)
Blutentnahmetechnik und serumnormalwerte wichtige parameter bei der griechischen landschilkroete (Testudo hermanni hermanni)
Tieraertzliche Praxis 20: pp 231-4

Göbel T. and Jurina K. (1994)
Endoskopie des Respirationstraktes bei Reptilien
Kleintierpraxis 39 (11): pp 791-794

Godley B.J., Gaywood M.J., Law R.J., McCarthy C.J., McKenzie C., Patterson I.A.P., Penrose R.S., Reid R.J. and Ross H.M. (1998)
Patterns of Marine Turtle Mortality In British Waters (1992-1996) with Reference to Tissue Contaminant Levels
J. Mar. Biol. Ass U.K. 78, pp 973-984

Gonzales Cabo J.F., Esojo Serrano J. and Barcena Asensio M.C. (1995)
Mycotic Pulmonary Disease by Beauveria bassiana in a captive tortoise
Mycoses 38 (3-4) pp 167 –169

Gordon A.N., Kelly W.R. and Lester J.G. (1993)
Epizootic mortality of free living green turtles (Chelonia mydas) due to coccidiosis
J Wildl Dis 29 (3) p 490

Gottdenker N.L. and Jacobson E.R. (1995)
Effect of venepuncture site on haematologic and clinical biochemical values in Desert Tortoises (Gopherus agassizii)
Am J Vet Res 56(1): pp 19-21

Gould W.J. and Georgi M.E. (1991)
Myiasis in Two Box Turtles
Jour. of American Vet. Med. Ass. 199 (8), pp 1067-8

Graczyk T.K., Cranfield M.R., Mann J., and Strandberg J.D. (1998)
Intestinal Cryptosporidium sp. infection in the Egyptian tortoise, Testudo kleinmanni
Int J Parasitol 28(12): pp 1885-8

Gray J.C. and Elves M.W. (1979)
Early osteogenesis in compact bone isografts: A quantitative study of the contributions of the different graft cells
Calcif. Tissue Int. 29: p 225

Gray J.C. and Elves M.W. (1981)
Osteogenesis in bone grafts after short-term storage and topical antibiotic treatment.
J Bone Joint Surg (Br) 63B: p 441

Grazioli O. and Frye F.L. (2002)
A likely case of pseudohermaphroditism in a Hermann’s Tortoise
Proc ARAV, Reno 2002 p 19

Grodd W. (1998)
Introduction to magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy in medicine and zoology
Zoology 10: 174-199

Gross T., Crain D., Bjorndal K., Bolten A. and Carthy R (1995)
Identification of sex in hatchling loggerhead turtles Caretta caretta by analysis of steroid concentrations in chorioallantoic/amniotic fluid
Gen. Comp. Endocrinol. 99 p 204

Guard Ch.L. (1980)
Comparative gut physiology and diets for reptiles
AAZV Proceedings 1980, Washington D.C., p 32-34

Guibé J. (1970)
L’appareil digestif. In: Grassé, P.-P. (dir.), Masson et Cie (eds.): Traité de zoologie. Tome XIV, Reptiles Fasc. II, Librairies de L’Académie de Médecine, Paris pp 321-548

Gumpenburger M and Henniger W. (2001)
The Use of Computerised Tomography in Avian and Reptilian Medicine
Seminars in Avian and Exotic Pet Medicine Vol 10, No4, Oct 2001,
WB Saunders, Philadelphia PA, pp 173-180

H Top

Hadjiiski O.G. and Lesseva M.I. (1999)
Comparison of four drugs for local treatment of burn wounds.
Eur J Emerg Med6(1): pp 41-7

Haines H. and Kleese W. (1977)
The Effect of Water Temperature on a Herpesvirus Infection of Sea Turtles
Infection and Immunity, Vol 15, (3) pp 756-759

Harcourt-Brown F. (1996)
Ultraviolet lights for Reptiles
Vet Rec May 25 1996 p 528

Harper P.A., Hammond D.C. and Heuschele W.P. (1982)
A herpesvirus-like agent associated with a pharyngeal abscess in a desert tortoise
J Wildl Dis. 18(4): pp 491-494.

Harper R.C. (1984)
Anaesthetising reptiles
Vet Rec 115 pp 475-476

Hartnell G.G. (1991)
Cardiac MRI
Clinical MRI 1 (2) pp 43-64

Harvey S. and Greenwood J.R (1985)
Isolation of Campylobacter fetus from a pet turtle
J Clin Microbiol 21 (2) p 260

Harvey-Clark C. (1993)
Midazolam fails to sedate painted Turtles (Chrysemys picta)
Bull ARAV Vol 3 (1) pp 7-8

Hasbun C., Samour J. and Al-Ghais S. (1998)
Duodenal volvulus in free-living green turtles from coastal United Arab Emirates
J Wildlife Diseases 34(4)

Hayes R.O., Daniels J.B., Maxfield H.K. and Wheeler R.E. (1964)
Field and laboratory studies on eastern encephalitis in warm and cold blooded vertebrates.
Am J Trop Med Hyg (13) pp 595-606

Hawkey C.M. and Dennett T.B. (1989)
A Colour Atlas of Comparative Veterinary Haematology
Wolfe Publishing

Heard D.J, Cantor GH, Jacobson ER, Purich B, Ajello L and Padhye AA (1986)
Hyalohyphomycosis caused by Paeciliomyces lilacinus in an Aldabra Tortoise
J A V M A 189: pp 1143-1145

Heard D.J. (1993)
Principles and Techniques of Anaesthesia and Analgesia for Exotic Practice
In: Exotic Pet Medicine 1: Veterinary Clinics of North America SAP 23 (6) W.B Saunders, Philadelphia

Heldstab A. and Bestetti G. (1982)
Spontaneous Viral Hepatitis in a Spur-Tailed Mediterranean Land Tortoise
Journal of Zoo Animal Medicine 13 pp 113-120

Herbst L.H. (1994)
Fibropapillomatosis of marine turtles
Annual Review of Fish Diseases, Vol 4 pp 389-425

Herbst L.H., Jacobson E.R., Moretti R., Brown T., Sundberg J.P. and Klein PA (1995)
Experimental transmission of green turtle fibropapillomatosis using cell free tumor extracts
Diseases of aquatic organisms Vol 22 1-12 1995

Herbst L. Klein P. and Jacobson E.R (1999)
Tortoise Herpesvirus Infection

Hernandez-Divers S.J. (2002)
Scintographic imaging of a Horsfields tortoise with multifocal bacterial and fungal infections and plastron necrosis
Proc ARAV, Reno pp 103-104

Hernandez-Divers S.J. (2002)
Diode laser surgery: principles and application in exotic animals
Seminars in Avian and Exotic Pet Medicine 11(4): pp 208-220

Hilberry A.D.R (1989)
Manual Of Anesthesia In Small Animal Practice
BSAVA, Cheltenham

Hill A.C. (1985)
Mycoplasma testudinis, a new species isolated from a tortoise
Inter. J. Syst. Bact. 35: pp 489-492

Hillestad H.O., Reinold R.J., Stickney R.R., Windom H.L. and Jenkins J.H. (1974)
Pesticides, heavy metals, and radionuclide uptake in Loggerhead Turtles from South Carolina and Georgia
Herpetological Review 5(3): p 75

Hirshfeld W.J. and Gordon A.S. (1965a)
Erythropoetic Responses of the Turtle Pseudemys scripta elegans to bleeding
Am Zool 4: p 305

Hirshfeld W.J. and Gordon A.S. (1965b)
The effect of bleeding and starvation on blood volumes and peripheral haemogram of the Turtle Pseudemys scripta elegans
Anat Rec 153: pp 317-324

Hitzig B.M. and Jackson D.C. (1978)
Chemical control of ventilation in the unanaesthetised turtle
Am J Physiol 23: pp 257-264

Hoff G. and Trasiner D.O. (1973)
Arboviruses in reptiles: Isolation of a Bunyamwera group virus from a naturally infected turtle
J. Herpetol. (7) pp 55-62

Hofmann, C.K. (1879-1890)
Reptilien. In: Klassen und Ordnungen des Thierreichs’ (ed. H.G. Bronn)
C.F. Winter’sche Verlagshandlung, Leipzig. 6(3), 3 vol.

Holmes W.N. and McBean R.I (1964)
Some Aspects Of Electrolyte Excretion In The Green Turtle
J Exp Biol. 41: p 81

Holt P.E. (1978)
Radiological studies of the alimentary tract in two Greek tortoises
Vet Rec 103(10): pp 198-200.

Holt P.E. (1979)
Obstetrical Problems in two tortoises
Journal of Small Animal Practice 20, pp 353-359

Holt P.E., Cooper J.E. and Needham J.R. (1979)
Diseases of tortoises: a review of seventy cases
Journal of Small Animal Practice 20: pp269-296

Holt P.E. (1981)
Drugs and dosages
In: Cooper J.E. and Jackson O.F. (eds): Diseases of the Reptilia vol 2. Academic Press, pp 551-584

Holz R.M. and Holz P.H. (1995)
Electrocardiography in anaesthetised red-eared sliders (Trachemys scripta elegans)
Research in Veterinary Science 58 pp 67-69

Holz P. (1994)
The Reptilian Portal System and Its effect on Drug Kinetics
D. V. Sc dissertation, University of Guelph

Holz P. and Holz R.M. (1994)
Evaluation of Ketamine, Ketamine/Xylazine and Ketamine/Midazolam in Red-eared Sliders
J Zoo Wildl Med 25: pp 531-537

Holz P.H., Conlon PD, Crawshaw GJ and Burger J (1994)
The reptilian renal portal system and its effect on drug kinetics
Proc Ann Meeting ARAV/AAZV, Pittsburgh, pp 95-96

Holz P.H., Barker I.K., Crawshaw G.J. and others (1997)
The anatomy and perfusion of the renal portal system in the Red-eared Slider Trachemys scripta elegans
J Zoo Wildl Med 28(4): pp 378-385

Holz P.H. (1999)
The reptilian portal system: Influence on therapy
In: Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine, Current Therapy 4, (eds Fowler M.E. and Miller E. R.) pp 249-252

Homer B.L., Jacobson E.R., Schumacher J. and Scherba G. (1994)
Chlamydiosis in Mariculture-reared Green Sea Turtles (Chelonia mydas)
Vet Pathol 31: pp 1-7

Homer B.L., Berry K.H., Brown M.B., Ellis G. and Jacobson E.R.J. (1998)
Pathology of diseases in wild desert tortoises from California
J Wild Dis 34 (3) pp 508-523

Hopkins S.R. and Richardson J.I. (eds) (1984)
Recovery plan for Marine Turtles
National Marine Fisheries Service and Fish and Wildlife Service US Government Printing Office

Huchzermeyer F.W. and Cooper JE (2000)
Fibrescess, not abscess, resulting from a localised inflammatory response to infection in reptiles and birds
Vet Rec 147, pp 515-517

Hudson H.D and Lutz P.L (1985)
Salt Gland Function in the Atlantic green turtle
Physiologist 28, p 343

Hukuhara T., Naito T, and Kameyama H. (1975)
Observations on the gastrointestinal movements of the tortoise Geoclemys reevesii by means of the abdominal-window-technique
Nippon Heikatsukin Gakkai Zasshi 11 (2) pp 39-46

Hulbert A.J., Williams C.A (1988)
Thyroid function in a lizard a tortoise and a crocodile compared with mammals
Comp Biochem Physiol A 90(1) pp 41-48

Hunt T.J. (1957)
Notes on diseases and mortality in testudines
Herpetologica 13: pp 19-23

Hunt T.J. (1964)
Anaesthesia in Tortoises
In: Graham-Jones, O. (ed) Small Animal anaesthesia . Macmillan New York pp 71-6

Hutton K.E. and Goodnight C.J. (1957)
Variations in the blood chemistry of turtles under active and hibernating conditions
Physiol. Zool. 30: pp 198-207

I Top

Ibarguengoytia N.R., Pastor L.M., Pallares J. (1999)
A light microscopy and ultrastructural study of the testes of tortoise Testudo graeca (Testudinidae)
J submicrosc Cytol Pathol 1999 Apr 31(2): pp 221-30

Innis C. (1995)
Late embryonic death of oviparous reptiles
Proc ARAV, Sacramento pp 106-115

Innis C. (1994)
Considerations in Formulating Captive Tortoise Diets
Bull ARAV 4 (1) pp 8-12

Innis C (1997)
Per-cloacal worming of tortoises
Bulletin of the Assoc Reptilian and Amphibian Veterinarians 5(2): p 4

Innis C.J. (1997)
Observations on urinalyses of clinically normal captive tortoises
Proc ARAV pp 109-112

Innis C.J. (2000)
Captive Care of Bell’s Hingeback Tortoise, Kinixys belliana
Journal of Herpetological Medicine and Surgery pp 26-29

Innis C.J., Garner M., Raymond J. (2002)
Observations on captive husbandry and pathology of the critically endangered Sulawesi Forest Turtle Leucocephalon yuwonoi
Proceedings 9th annual ARAV conference pp 21-26

Ippen R. (1965)
Consideration Of The Comparative Pathology Of Bone Diseases In Reptiles
Zentralb Allg Pathol 108: p 424

Ippen R. and Zwart P.Z. (1995)
Anatomy of major blood vessels in tails of reptiles, with reference to blood sampling
Proc Fifth Int Coll On The Path Of Reptiles Alphen pp 265-269

Isenbugel E. and Barandun G. (1981)
Surgical Removal Of A Foreign Body In A Bastard Turtle
Veterinary Medicine/ SAC (76) pp 1766-1768

Ishii K. and Ishii K. (1986)
Glossopharyngeal innervation of chemo and baroreceptors in the dorsal carotid artery of the tortoise Testudo hermanni
Respiratory Physiol 65: pp 295-302

Iverson J., McCord W., Spinks P. and Shaffer B. (2001)
Synopsis of problematic geomydid taxa
IUCN Asian Turtle Worshop, Fort Worth Zoo, Texas, 26-26th January 2001

J Top

Jackson C.G. and Legendre R.C. (1967)
Blood serum cholesterol levels in Turtles
Comp Biochem Physiol 20: pp 311-312

Jackson C.G. and Fulton M. (1970)
A Turtle Colony Epizootic Apparently Of Microbial Origin
J Wildl Dis. Oct, Vol 6: pp 466-468

Jackson C.G., Trotter J.A., Trotter T.H. and others (1976)
Accelerated growth and early maturity in Gopherus agassizii
Herpetologica 32: p 139

Jackson D.C. and Schmidt-Nielson K. (1966)
Heat production during diving in the fresh water turtle Pseudemys scripta
J Cell Physiol 67: pp 225-232

Jackson D.C. and Silverblatt H. (1974)
Respiration and acid-base status of turtles following experimental dives
Am J physiol 226: pp 903-909

Jackson O.F. (1976)
In: A.F.Cowie (ed.): A manual of the care and treatment of children’s and exotic pets
BSAVA, pp 19-37

Jackson O.F. (1978)
Tortoise shell repair over 2 years
Vet Rec 102 p 284

Jackson O.F. (1980)
The Sick Chelonian
Proceedings of the European Herpetological Symposium, Cotswold Wildlife Park, Oxford

Jackson O.F. (1980)
Weight and measurement data on tortoises (Testudo graeca and Testudo hermanni) and their relationship to health
Journal of Small Animal Practice 21, pp 409-416

Jackson O.F. and Cooper J.E. (1981)
Diseases of the Reptilia
(Cooper JE and Jackson OF, eds) Academic press London pp 546-547

Jackson O.F. and Cooper J.E. (1981)
Nutritional Diseases
In Diseases of the Reptilia (eds Cooper J.E. and Jackson O.F.) Academic Press , London pp 409-427

Jackson O.F. and Fasal M.D (1981)
Radiology In Tortoises, Terrapins And Turtles As An Aid To Diagnosis
Journal of Small Animal Practice 22 pp 705-716

Jackson O.F. and Needham J.R. (1983)
Rhinitis and Virus Antibodies in Chelonians
Journal of Small Animal Practice 24, p 31

Jackson O.F. (1985)
Chelonian Hibernation
Veterinary Record Oct 26, p 541.

Jackson O.F. (1991)
In: BSAVA Manual of Exotic Pets. BSAVA, Cheltenham pp 221-243

Jackson O.F. and Sainsbury A. W. (1992)
Radiological and Related Conditions
In: BSAVA Manual of Reptiles. BSAVA, Cheltenham, pp 63-73

Jackson O.F. and Lawton M.P.C. (1992)
Examination and Diagnostic Techniques
In: Beynon P.H., Lawton M.P.C. and Cooper J.E. (eds.): Manual of Reptiles. Cheltenham, BSAVA, pp32-39

Jacobson E.R. (1976)
Gentamicin-related visceral gout in 2 boid snakes
Vet Med/Small Anim Clin 71: p 361

Jacobson E.R. (1978)
Diseases Of The Respiratory System Of Reptiles
Veterinary Medicine / Small Animal Clinician 73, pp 1169-1175

Jacobson E.R., Gaskin J.M., Shields R.P. and White F.H. (1979)
Mycotic Pneumonia In Mariculture Reared Green Sea Turtles
J Amer Vet Med Association 175: pp 929 –933

Jacobson E.R., Calderwood MB, Clubb SL (1980)
Mucormycosis in hatchling Florida Soft-shell Turtles
J A V M A 177:pp 835-837

Jacobson E.R., (1980)
Necrotising mycotic dermatitis in snakes: clinical and pathological features
J A V M A 177: pp 838-841

Jacobson E.R., Gaskin J.M., Clubb S. et al (1982)
Papilloma like virus infection in Bolivian side necked turtles
J Am Vet Med Assn 181 (11) p 1325

Jacobson E.R., Gaskin J.M., and Walkquist H. (1982a)           
Herpesvirus-like infection in map turtles
J Am Vet Med Assoc. Dec 1; 181(11): 1322-1324

Jacobson E.R., Clubb S. and Greiner E. (1983)
Amoebiasis in Red-footed Tortoises
JAVMA 183: pp 1192-1194

Jacobson E.R., Clubb S., Gaskin J.M. and Gardiner C (1985)
Herpesvirus-like infection in Argentine Tortoises
J. Am. Vet. Med. Assn. 187: pp 1227-1229

Jacobson E.R. (1986)
Parasitic diseases of reptiles
In: Kirk RW: Current Veterinary Therapy VIII, Small Animal Practice. WB Saunders, pp 599-606

Jacobson E.R., Gaskin J.M., Roelke M. and Greiner E.C. (1986)
Conjunctivitis, Tracheitis And Pneumonia Associated With Herpesvirus Infection In Green Sea Turtles
J Am Vet Med Assoc 189: pp 1220-1223

Jacobson E.R. (1988)
Evaluation of the Reptile Patient
In: Contemporary Issues in Small Animal Practice, 9: Exotic Animals, Ed Jacobson E.R. and Kolias G.V. Churchill Livingstone, New York, pp 19-34

Jacobson E.R., Mansell J.L., Sundberg J.P., Hajjar L., Reichmann M.E., Ehrhart L.M., Walsh M. and Murru F. (1989)
Cutaneous Fibropapilomas of green turtles (Chelonia mydas)
J Comp Path 101: p 3952

Jacobson E.R., Burgelt C., Williams B. and Harris R.K. (1991)
Herpesvirus in cutaneous fibropapillomatosis of the green sea turtle
Dis Aqua Organ 12: 1

Jacobson E.R., Gaskin J.M., Brown M.B., Harris R.K., Gardinier C.H., Lapointe J.L., Adams H.P. and Reggiardo C. (1991)
Chronic Upper Respiratory Disease Of Free-Ranging Desert Tortoises (Xerobates agassizii)
J Wildlife Disease 27: pp 296-316

Jacobson E.R. (1992)
Laboratory Investigations
In: Benyon PH, Lawton MPC, Cooper JE (Eds): Manual of Reptiles. BSAVA 1992 pp 50-62

Jacobson E.R. Schumacher J. and Green M. (1992)
Field techniques and clinical techniques for sampling and handling blood for haematologic and selected biochemical determinations in the desert tortoise
Coopiea (1) pp 237-241

Jacobson E.R. (1993)
Blood collection techniques in reptiles: Laboratory investigations.
In: Fowler ME (ed): Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine: Current Therapy 3. WB Saunders, Philadelphia, pp 144-152.

Jacobson E.R., M. Weinstein, K. Berry, B. Harednbrook, C. Tomlinson and D. Freitas (1993)
Problems with using weight vs. carapace length relationship to assess tortoise health
Vet. Rec. 132 pp 222-223

Jacobson E.R. (1993)
Antimicrobial Drug Use in Reptiles.
In: Prescott JF and Baggot JD: Antimicrobial therapy in veterinary Medicine, 2nd edition. Iowa State University Press, pp 542-552

Jacobson E.R. (1994)
Causes of mortality and disease in tortoises: a review
J. Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 25(1): pp 2-17

Jacobson E.R., Schumacher J., Telford S.R., Greiner E.C., Bugelt C.D. and Gardinier C.H. (1994)
Intranuclear Coccidiosis In Radiated Tortoises (Geochelone radiata)
J Zoo Wildlife Medicine 25: pp 95-122

Jacobson E.R. (1997)
Diseases Of The Respiratory Tract Of Chelonians
Verh. ber. Zootire (1997) 38: pp 1-5

Jacobson E.R. (1999)
Proceedings ARAV Columbus, Ohio 1999

Jacobson E.R. (1999)
Use of antimicrobial drugs in reptiles.
In: Fowler ME, Miller RE (eds): Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine; Current therapy, 4th edn. WB Saunders, pp 190-200

Jacobson E.R. (1999a)
Diagnosis Of Viral Disease In Reptiles
Proc AAZV, Columbus Ohio pp 1-4

Jacobson E.R. (1999b)
Reptilian Virus Diagnosis
In: Fudge (ed): Laboratory Medicine - Avian and Exotic Pets, Saunders Philadelphia, pp 229-235

Jacobson E.R., Behler J.L and Jarchow J.L. (1999)
Health Assessment Of Chelonians And Release Into The Wild
In Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine: Current Therapy 4 (eds Fowler M.E. and Miller R.E) Saunders pp 232-242

Jacobson E.R., Greiner E, Terrell S. and Garner M. (1999)
Intranuclear coccidiosis of tortoises
Proc Assoc Reptilian Amphibian Vet pp 85-86

Jacobson E., Harman G., Laille E., Maxwell L. (2002)
Plasma concentrations of praziquantel in Loggerhead Sea Turtles Caretta caretta following oral administration of single and multiple doses
Proceedings of ninth annual ARAV conference pp 37-39

Jarrett A. (1980)
The action of Vitamin A on adult epidermis and dermis
In: Jarrett A. (ed): The physiology and pathophysiology of the skin Vol 6. London Academic Press pp 409-428

Jensen H.B. and With T.K. (1939)
Vitamin A and carotenoids in the liver of mammals, birds, reptiles and man
Biochem J 33: p 1771

Johlin J.M. and Moreland F.B. (1933)
Studies on the blood of the turtle after complete anoxia
J Biol Chem 103: pp 107-114

Jarchow J.L. (1988)
Hospital Care of the Reptile Patient
In: Contemporary Issues in Small Animal Practice 9: Exotic Animals, Ed Jacobson E.R. and Kolias G.V. Churchill Livingstone, New York, pp 19-34

Jenkins J.R. (1996)
Diagnostic and clinical techniques
In: Mader DR (ed): Reptile Medicine and Surgery. Philadelphia, WB Saunders, 1996, p 267

Jessop M. (2000)
Procedure for Microchipping Chelonians
JSAP Vol 41 pp 138-139

Johnson C.A., Griffith J.W., Tenorio P., Hytrek S. and Lang C.M. (1998)
Fatal trematodiasis in research turtles
Lab Anim Sci 48: pp 340-343

Johnson J.H. (1991)
Anaesthesia, analgesia and euthanasia of reptiles and amphibians
Proc Am Ass Zoo Vet Calgary 1991; pp 132-8

Johnson J.D., Mangone B. and Jarchow J.L. (1998)
A review of mycoplasmosis infections in tortoises and options for treatment
Proc ARAV Kansas City 1998 pp 89-92

Johnson J. D. (2000)
Ovariecetomy, cystotomy, liver biopsy and oesophagostomy tube placement in a red eared slider Trachemys scripta
Proc ARAV Reno Nevada pp 145-146

Johnson J. D. (2001)
Enteritis in a pair of Juvenile Aldabra Tortoises (Geochelone gigantea)
Proc ARAV pp 147-152

Johnson S.E. (1995)
Diseases of the liver
In: Textbook of Internal Veterinary Medicine: Ettinger SJ and Feldman EC (eds) WB Saunders, Philadelphia pp 1350-1353

Jones D.M. (1977)
The sedation and anaesthesia of birds and reptiles
Vet Rec 101: pp 340-342

Jones J.P. (1978)
Photoperiod and Reptile Reproduction
Herpetological Review 9 (3) 1978

Jorgensen C.B. (1998)
Role Of The Urinary And Cloacal Bladders In Chelonian Water Economy: Historical And Comparative Aspects
Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 1998 Nov 73: 4 pp 347-366

Jungle R.E. and Miller R.E. (1992)
Reptile Respiratory Disease
In: Kirk RW and Bonagura (Eds): Current Veterinary Therapy XI
WB Saunders, Philadelphia pp 1210-1213

K Top

Kabisch D. and Frost J.W. (1994)
Isolation of Herpesvirus from Testudo hermanni and Agrionemys horsfieldii.
Verh.ber.Erkrg.Zootiere 36: pp 241-245

Kam Y. and Lillywhite H. (1994)
Effects of temperature and water on critical oxygen tension of turtle embryos.
J. Exp. Zool. 268: pp 1-8.

Kaplan H.M. and Taylor R (1957)
Anaesthesia in Turtles
Herpetologica 13: pp 43-45

Kaplan H.M. (1957)
Septicaemic cutaneous ulcerative disease of turtles
Lab Animal Care Animal Care Panel 7, pp 273-277

Karstad L. (1961)
Reptiles as possible reservoir host for eastern encephalitis virus
26th North Amer Wildl Conf 26, pp 186-202

Kass R.E., Ullrey D.E. and Trapp A.L. (1982)
A Study Of The Calcium Requirements Of The Red-Eared Slider Turtle
Journal of Zoo An. Med. 13 p 62

Kaufmann A.F. (1968)
Granulomatous oophoritis in a turtle
J Am Vet Med Assoc 153: pp 860-862

Kazumitsu H. (1999)
Detection of intrahepatic fat and its quantitative analysis with Gradient Echo MR Imaging
JMRM Journal Abstracts 14 (2)

Keymer I.F. (1978a)
Diseases of Chelonia 1. (A necropsy Survey of Tortoises)
Veterinary Record 103, pp 548-552.

Keymer I.F. (1978 b)
Diseases of Chelonia 2. (A necropsy Survey of Turtles / Terrapins)
Veterinary Record 103, pp 577-582

Keymer I.F. (1981)
In: Cooper JE, Jackson OF (eds.): Diseases of the Reptilia Volume 1. Academic Press, pp 233-290

Khalil F. (1947)
Excretion in reptiles: non-protein constituents of the urine of the sea turtle Chelonia mydas
J. Biol Chem 171 pp 611-616

Khalil F. and Haggag G. (1955)
Ureotelism and uricotelism in tortoises
J Exp Zool 130, pp 423-432

King, F. W. and R.L.Burke (1997)
Crocodilian, Tuatara, and Turtle Species of the World: An Online Taxonomic and Geographic Reference
Association of Systematics Collections, Washington, D.C., 294p

Klause S.E., Roberts S.M. (1990)
Lasers and veterinary surgery
Compend Contin Educ Pract Vet 12: pp 1565-1571, 1574-157

Klein L.W. and Longmore G.A. (1986)
Determination of Calcitonin in Reptilian Serum by Heterologous Radioimmunoassay
Gen and Comp Endocr 61 pp 1-4

Klicka J. and Mahmoud I.Y. (1972)
Conversion of pregnenolone-4-14C to progesterone-4-14-C by turtle corpus luteum
Gen Comp. Endocrinol. 19, pp 367-369

Klicka J. and Mahmoud I.Y. (1973)
Conversion of cholesterol to progesterone by turtle corpus luteum
Steroids 21, pp 483-495

Klicka J. and Mahamoud I.Y. (1977)
The role of hormones on the reproductive physiology of the painted turtle (Chrysemys picta)
Gen Comp Endocrinol 31, pp 407-413

Klingenberg R.J. (1993)
Understanding Reptile Parasites: A Basic Manual for Herpetoculturalists and Veterinarians
Advanced Vivarium Systems, Lakeside, California

Klingenberg R.J. (1995)
Reptile parasite identification chart and formulary.
R.J.Klingenberg, Greeley, Colorado

Klingenberg R.J. (1996)
In: Mader D.R. (ed): Reptile Medicine and Surgery. Philadelphia, WB Saunders, 1996, p308

Klingenberg R J (1996)
The Box Turtle: A Practitioner’s Approach
ARAV Proceedings 1996 Tampa, Florida

Knipling E.F. (1937)
The biology of Sarcophaga cistudinis Aldrich (Diptera) a species of Sarcophagidae parasitic on turtles and tortoises
Entomological Society, Washington 39: pp 91-101

Kohel K.A., MacKenzie D.S., Rostal D.C., Grumbles J.C. and Lance V.A. (2001)
Seasonality in plasma thyroxine in the Desert Tortoise, Gopherus agassizii
Gen Comp Endocrinol, 121(2) pp 214-222

Kölle P. and Hoffman R. (1996).
Blutparameter als Hilfe in der Diagnostik von Reptilienkrankheiten.
Tierarztl Prax 24: pp 402-405

Kölle P. (2001)
Efficacy of Allopurinol in European Tortoises with Hyperuricaemia
Proceedings of ARAV, Orlando Florida, Sept 19-23 pp 185-186

Kölle P. and Hoffman R. (2002)
Urinalysis in Euopean Tortoises –part II
Proceedings of the ninth ARAV conference pp 115-116

Koistra T.A. and Evans D.H. (1976)
Sodium balance in the green turtle Chelonia mydas in seawater and freshwater
J Comp Physiol 107 pp 229-240

Kostka V.M., Hoffman L., Balks E., Eskens U. and Wimershof N. (1997)
Review of the literature and investigations on the prevalence and consequences of yeasts in reptiles.
Vet Rec 140:pp 282-287

Kraut, M. (1995)
Endoskopie bei Schildkroten unter Praxisbedingungen
Tierarztliche Fakultat, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitat, Munchen, Germany

Krum H. (1997)
Introsseous fluid administration in sea turtles
1997 Proc Ass Reptilian Amphibian Vet p 125

Kuchling G (1989)
Assessment of ovarian follicles and oviductal eggs by ultrasound scanning in live freshwater turtles Chelodia oblonga
Herpetologica (45): pp 89-94

Kuchling G, Bradshaw SD (1993)
Ovarian cycle and egg production of the Western Swamp Tortoise Pseudemydura umbrina (Testudines, Chelidae) in the wild and in captivity
J.Zool., Lond. 229: pp 405-419

Kuchling G (1999a)
Gonadal Cycles and Gamete production,
The Reproductive Biology of the Chelonia, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, pp 31-50

Kuchling G (1999b)
Hormones and reproduction
The Reproductive Biology of the Chelonia, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, pp 126-140

Kuchling G and Razandrimamilafiniarivo O.C., (1999)
The use of ultrasound scanning to study the relationship of vitellogenesis, mating, egg production and follicular atresia in captive ploughshare tortoises Geochelone yniphora
Dodo (1999) 35, pp 109-115

L Top

Lackovich J.K., Brown D.R. Homer B.L., Garber R.L., Mader D.R. Moretti R.H., Patterson A.D., Herbst L.H. Oros J., Jacobson E.R., Curry S.S. and Klein P.A. (1999)
Association of herpesvirus with fibropapillomatosis of the green turtle Chelonia mydas and the loggerhead turtle Caretta caretta in Florida
Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 37, pp 89-97

Ladyman J.M., Kuchling G., Burford D., Boardman W. and Raidal S.R. (1998)
Skin disease affecting the conservation of the western swamp tortoise
Aust. Vet. J. 76 (11) pp 743-5

Lainson R. and Naiff R.D. (1998)
Haemoproteus (Apicomplexa:Haemoproteidae) of tortoises and turtles
Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 265: 941-949

Lambert M.R.K. (1986)
On the growth of the captive bred Mediterranean Testudo sp. in Northern Europe
In: Rocek Z. (ed) Studies in Herpetology, Prague: Charles University, pp 309-314

Lambert M.R.K. (1988)
Natural bio climatic range and the growth of captive bred Mediterranean Testudo sp. in Northern Europe: Implications for conservation farming
British Herpetological Society Bulletin No 24 pp 6-7

Lane T.J. and Mader D.R. (1996)
In: DR Mader (ed): Reptile Medicine and Surgery. Philadelphia, WB Saunders, pp 185-203

Lange H., Herbst W., Wiechert J.M. and Schliesser Th. (1989)
Electron microscopical evidence of herpes virus and high mortality in Hermann's tortoises and Four-toed tortoises
Tierarztl. Prax 17 pp 319-321

Laverty G. and Dantzler W.H. (1983)
Renal clearence of phosphate and calcium in freshwater turtles: effects of parathyroid hormone
J Comp. Physiol 141: 463-469

Lawrence K. And Jackson O.F. (1983)
Alphaxalone/Alphadone anaesthesia in reptiles
Vet Rec 112, pp 26-28

Lawrence K. and Jackson O.F. (1983)a
Inappetent Tortoises
Veterinary Record 112 p 487

Lawrence K (1983)
A review of antibiotics in reptiles
J Small Anim Pract 24: 741-752

Lawrence K. (1984b)
Drug Doses for Chelonians
Veterinary Record 114 pp 150-151

Lawrence K. and Needham J.R. (1985)
Rhinitis in long-term captive Mediterranean tortoises
Vet Rec 117 pp 662-664

Lawrence K. & Hawkey C. (1986)
Seasonal variations in haematological data from Mediterranean tortoises (Testudo graeca and Testudo hermanni) in captivit.
Res Vet Sci 40: 225-230

Lawrence K., Palmer G.H. and Needham J.R. (1986)
Use of carbenicillin in 2 species of tortoise (Testudo graeca and T. hermanni)
Res Vet Sci 40:413

Lawrence K. (1987)
Seasonal variation in blood biochemistry of long term captive mediterranean tortoises (Testudo graeca & T. hermanni)
Res Vet Science 43:379-383

Lawrence K. (1987b)
Post Hibernational anorexia in captive Mediterranean tortoises
Vet Rec 120 pp 87-90

Lawton M.P.C., and Stokes L.C. (1989)
Post Hibernation Blindness In Tortoises
Third International Colloquium on the Pathology of Reptiles and Amphibians, Orlando Fl 1989, pp 97-98

Lawton M.P.C (1989)
Neurological Problems Of Exotic Species
In: Wheeler SJ (ed) Manual of Small Animal Neurology, BSAVA Cheltenham

Lawton M.P.C. (1992)
Neurological Diseases
In: Benyon PH, Lawton MPC, Cooper JE (Eds): Manual of Reptiles, BSAVA 1992, pp 128-137

Lawton M.P.C. (1996)
Partial Plastronectomy in a Testudo graeca
Proc ARAV Tampa, pp 40-41

Lawton M.P.C. and Divers S.D. (1999)
Comparison of leukocyte counts using two different methods
1999 Proc Assoc Reptilian Amphibian Vet pp149-152

Lawton M.P.C. (2000)
Comparison of leukocyte counts using two different methods
Proc BVZS Spring Meeting 13-14 May 2000

Lawton M.P.C. (2000)
Mandibular damage and repair in Tortoises
Proc ARAV Reno, Nevada, pp 115-118

Lederle P.E., Rautenstrauch K.R., Rakestraw D.L., Zander K.K. and Boone J.L. (1997)
Upper Respiratory Disease and Mycoplasmosis in Desert Tortoises from Nevada
Journal of Wildlife Diseases 33(4): 759-765

Lee W.Y. and Yoo N.C. (1989)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections in turtles
Yonsei Med J 1989; 30(2): 144-50

Leong JK, Wheeler RS, and Lansford LM (1980)
Tolerance and responses of normal and diseased Loggerhead Turtles Caretta caretta to some chemotherapeutics
Proc 11th Annual meeting World Mariculture Society, New Orleans 1980

Leibowitz L., Rebell G. and Boucher G.C. (1978)
Caryospora cheloniae sp. nov: a coccidial pathogen of mariculture-reared Green Sea Turtles Chelonia mydas
J Wildl Dis 14:269-275

Licht P. (1972)
Environmental Physiology of Reptilian Breeding Cycles : Role of Temperature
Gen Comp. Endocrinol. Suppl 3, pp 477-488

Licht P. and Papkoff H. (1974)
Separation of two distinct gonadotrophins from the pituitary gland of the snapping turtle (Chelydra serpentina)
Gen. Com. Endocr. 22 pp 218-237

Licht P. (1979)
Reproductive Endocrinology of Reptiles and Amphibians: Gonadotrophins
Ann Rev Physiol 41, pp 337-351

Licht P. (1984)
Reproductive Cycles of Vertebrates: Reptiles
In: Marshall’s Physiology of Reproduction ed. Lamming G.E. Vol 1, pp 206-282

Licht P., Wood J.F. and Wood F.E. (1985)
Annual and diurnal cycles in plasma testosterone and thyroxine in the male green sea turtle Chelonia mydas
Gen. Comp. Endocrinol. 57:335-344

Licht P., Breitenbach G.L. and Congdon J.D. (1985)
Seasonal cycles in testicular activity, gonatropin and thyroxin in the painted turtle Chrysemys picta, under natural conditions
Gen Comp Endocrinol 59 (1) pp 130-139

Licht P., Denver R.J. and Pavgi S. (1989)
Temperature dependance of in vitro pituitary, testis and thyroid secretion in a turtle Pseudemys scripta
Gen Comp Endocrinol. 76 (2) pp 274-85

Licht P., Pavgi S. and Denver R.J. (1990)
The role of hormone binding in the cold suppression of hormone of the pituitary, thyroid and testis of the turtle
Gen Comp Endocrinol 80 (3) pp 381-392

Licht P., Denver R.J. and Stamper D.L. (1990)
Relation of plasma thyroxine binding activity and determination of thyroxin binding proteins in a turtle Pseudemys scripta
Gen Comp Endocrinol, 80 (2) pp 238-56

Licht P. (1994)
Thyroxine-binding protein represents the major vItamin D-binding of protein in the plasma of the turtle Trachemys scripta
Ge Comp Endocrinol 93: 82-92

Limpus C.J. (1971)
The Flatbacked Turtle Chelonia depressa Garman in southeast Queensland, Australia
Herpetologica 27: 431-446

Limpus C.J. and others (1982)
Intersexuality in a Loggerhead turtle Caretta caretta
Herp review 13 (2) pp 323-333

Limpus C.J., Reed P., and Miller J.D. (1985)
Temperature dependent sex determination in Queensland Sea Turtles: intraspecific variation in Caretta caretta
In: Biology of Australasian Frogs and Reptiles; Grigg G., Shine R. and Ehmann H., eds. Surrey Beatty and Sons, Sydney, Australia, pp 305

Lloyd M. and Morris P. (1999)
Chelonian Venipuncture Techniques
Bull ARAV Vol 9 (1) pp 26-29

Lloyd M. L. (1990)
Reptilian Dystocias Review - causes, prevention, management and comments on the synthetic hormone vasotocin
American Association of Zoo Veterinarians Annual Meeting Oct 21-26 1990 pp 290-294

Lock B.A., Heard D.J. and Dennis P. (1998)
Preliminary evaluation of medetomidine/ketamine combinations for immobilisation and reversal with antipamezole in three tortoise species
Bull ARAV Vol 8 (4) pp 6-9

Lu Y. (1998)
Use of polymerase chain reaction amplification for the detection of papillomavirus in tumour tissue of green turtles with fibropapillomatosis
US department of Commerce, National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service. Administrative Report H-98-03C

Lu Y., Wang Y., Yu Q., Aguirre A.A., Balazs G.H., Nerurkar V.R., and Yanagihara R. (2000) Detection of herpesviral sequences in tissues of green turtles with fibropapilloma by polymerase chain reaction.
Arch Virol 2000; 145 (9):1885-93

Lufkin R.B. (1990)
The MRI Manual
Year Book Medical Publishers Inc., Chicago, London

Lumeij, J.T. and Happe, R.P. (1985)
Endoscopic diagnosis and removal of gastric foreign bodies in a Caiman (Caiman crocodilus crocodilus).
Veterinary Quarterly 7(3): 234-236

Luppa, H. (1977)
Intestinal histology.
In: Gans, C.and Parsons, T.S. (eds.): Biology of the Reptilia, 6, Morphology E, Academic Press, London and New York, pp 225-313

Lutcavage M.E. and Lutz P.E.(1997)
Diving Physiology
In Lutz P. and Musick J.A., Biology of Sea Turtles, CRC Press, pp 277-296

Lutz P.L. and Dunbar-Cooper A. (1987)
Variations in the blood chemistry of the Loggerhead Turtle Caretta caretta
Fishery Bulletin 85:37-43

Lutz P.E. and Musick J.A. (1996)
Biology of Sea Turtles
CRC Press, London

Lutz P.L. (1996)
Salt, Water and pH balance in Sea Turtles
In: Biology of the Sea Turtles, Eds Lutz P. and Musick J.A . CRC Press, pp 343-162

Lutz P.L. and Manuel L. (1999)
Maintenance of adenosine A1 receptor function during long term anoxia in the turtle brain
Am J Physiol 276 (RICP45) R633-R636

M Top

MacDonald J. (1998)
An investigation into the oral flora of UK captive Testudo sp, with special regard to the prevalence of Yersina enterocolitica
Personal communication: Presented at BVZS Autumn meeting (Nov 1998) Zoological Society London

MacDonald J. (2000)
An early comparison between two different methods for the detection of Plasmodium spp. in penguins (and other species)
British Veterinary Zoological Society spring meeting 2000 proceedings, pp 27-29

Mader, D.R. (1990)
Metabolic bone disease in captive reptiles (parts 1 and 2).
Vivarium 2(3): 12-14 and 2(4): 12-13

Mader J.T. (1991)
Bacterial Osteomyelitis.
In: EM Camporesi, Barker AC (eds): Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy: A Critical Review.
Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Maryland USA, pp 75-94

Mader D.R. and Sala T. (1995)
Pulse Oximetry As A Tool For Monitoring Reptilian Patients
Proc ARAV 1995 Sacramento pp 81-83

Mader D.R. (1996)
Reptile medicine and Surgery
WB Saunders

Mader D.R. (1996)
Mader D.R. (ed): Reptile Medicine and Surgery. Philadelphia, WB Saunders, 1996, pp 374-379

Mader D. R. (1996)
Perinatology of Pet Reptiles
In: Mader D.R. (ed): Reptile Medicine and Surgery. Philadelphia, WB Saunders, 1996, pp 203-211

Mader D.R. (1997)
Reptilian urogenital system and renal disease
Proceedings of the 21st Annual Waltham/OSU Symposium for the treatment of small animal diseases Exotics, Columbus Ohio, 1997, pp 71-74

Mader D.R. (1998a)
Understanding local analgesics
Proc ARAV 1998 Kansas pp 7-10

Mader D.R. (1998b)
Assessment of the body condition of the Californian desert tortoise Gopherus agassizii using morphometric analysis
Proc ARAV 1998 Kansas pp 103-104

Mader D.R. (1998c)
Understanding thermal burns in reptile patients
Proc ARAV 1998 Kansas pp 143-150

Mader D.R. and Klaasen J.K. (1998d)
The effects of sample dilution on the plasma chemistry values in reptiles
1998 Proc Assoc Reptilian Amphibian Vet pp 61-62

Mader D.R. and Rosenthal K. (1998e)
Laboratory sampling in reptile patients –do’s and don’ts
1998 Proc Assoc Reptilian Amphibian Vet pp 55-60

Mader D.R. (1999)
Critical Care And Anaesthesia Workshop
ARAV, Columbus, Ohio 1999

Mader D.R. and Ling G.V. (1999)
Cystic calculi in the Californian Desert Tortoise Gopherus agassizii: evaluation of 100 cases
1999 Proc Assoc Reptilian Amphibian Vet pp 81-82

Mader D.R., Schaff S., Moretti R. and Corrine R (2002)
Intracoelomic catheters in Sea Turtles
Proc ARAV, Reno pp 31-32

Madge D.(1994)
Temperature and sex determination in reptiles with reference to chelonians
Testudo Vol. 2 No. 3 pp 9-14

Malley A.D. (1997)
Reptile anesthesia and the practising veterinary surgeon
In Practice Vol 19 (7) pp 351-370

Manfredi M.T., Piccolo G., and Meotti C. (1998)
Parasites of Italian sea turtles. II. Loggerhead turtles (Caretta caretta [Linnaeus 1758])
Parassitologia 40:305-308

Mangone B. and Johnson J.D. (1998)
Current Research trends in the desert tortoise Gopherus agassizii
Proc ARAV Kansa City 1998 pp 105-107

Marcus, L. C. (1983)
Veterinary Biology and Medicine of Captive Amphibians and Reptiles
W. B. Saunders Co. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Marks S.K. and Citino S.B. (1990)
Haematology and serum chemistry of the Radiated Tortoise (Testudo radiata)
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 21(3): 342-344

Marschang R.E., Gravendyck M. and Kaleta E.F. (1997a)
Herpesviruses in tortoises: Investigations into Virus Isolation and the Treatment of Viral Stomatitis in Testudo hermanni and T. graeca.
J Vet Med B 44, pp 385-394

Marschang R.E., Gravendyck M. and Kaleta E.F. (1997b)
New investigations on herpesviruses in tortoises
38 Internationalen Symposiums uber die Erkrankungen der Zoo und Wildtiere Vom 7-11 Mai 1997. Zurich / Scweiz, pp 29-34

Marschang R.E., Posthaus H., Gravendyk M., Kaletta E.F. and Bacciarini L.N. (1998a)
Isolation of Viruses from Land Tortoises in Switzerland
Proceedings AAZV and AAWV Joint Conference Omaha, Nebraska Oct 17-22 1988 pp 281-284

Marschang R.E., Posthaus H., Wild P., Sterchi P., Kaletta E.F. and Bacciarini L.N. (1998b)
Isolation of an Irido-like virus from Hermann’s Tortoises (Testudo hermanni)
European Association of Zoo and Wildlife Veterinarians (EAZWV) Second Scientific Meeting, Chester UK May 21-24 pp 287-294

Marschang RE, Becher P, Posthaus H, Wild P, Thiel HJ, Muller-Doblies U, Kalet EF, and Bacciarini LN (1999)
Isolation and characterization of an iridovirus from Hermann's tortoises (Testudo hermanni)
Arch Virol 1999; 144(10): 1909-22

Marschang R.E. (1999)
Evidence for a new herpesvirus serotype associated with stomatitis in Afghan tortoises (Testudo horsfieldi)
Proc ARAV, Columbus Ohio 1999 pp 77-80
Martin D.R. (1972)
Distribution of Helminth Parasites in Turtles Native to Southern Illinois
Trans. Ill. Acad. Sci. 65:61-67

Masters A.M., Ellis T.M., Carson J.M. and others (1995)
Dermatophilus cheloniae sp. nov. isolated from chelonids in Australia
Int J Syst Bacteriol 45:50-56

Mautino M and Page D.C. (1993)
Biology and Medicine of Turtles and Tortoises
Vet Clinics of Nth America Vol 23 (6) pp 1251-1270

Mayer I., Nagy E. (1999)
Investigation of the synergic effects of aminoglycoside-fluoroquinolone and third-generation cephalosporin combinations against clinical isolates of Pseudomonas spp
J Antimicrob Chemother43(5): 651-7
McAlister C.T. and Upton S.J. (1989)
The Coccidians Of Testudines, With Descriptions Of Three New Species.
Can Jour Zool 67 pp 2459-2467

McArthur S.D.J. (1996)
Veterinary Management of Tortoises and Turtles
Blackwell Science, Osney Mead UK

McArthur S.D.J. (1996)
In: Veterinary Management of Tortoises and Turtles, Blackwell Science Ltd, Camb. UK, pp 86-93

McArthur S.D.J. (1998)
Lymphoproliferative disease in Testudo hermanni and Geochelone pardalis tortoises associated with herpesvirus-like infection
Testudo Vol. 4 No. 5 pp33-40

McArthur S.D.J. (2000a)
A review of 10 cases of follicular stasis in Testudo species
Proc BVZS Spring 2000, pp 44-60

McArthur S.D.J. (2000b)
Management of post hibernation Stomatitis-Rhinitis-Conjunctivitis complex in a group of 25 Testudo horsfieldi
Proc BVZS Spring 2000, pp 64-70

McArthur S.D.J. (2000c)
Emerging viral diseases of captive chelonia in the UK
Proc BVZS Spring 2000, p 38

McArthur S.D.J. (2000d)
Renal function in chelonians, dehydration and the stabilisation of post hibernation hyperuricaemia, hyperkalaemia and anuria
Proc BVZS Autumn (In preparation)

McArthur S.D.J., Wilkinson R.J. and Barrows M.G. (2002)
Tortoises and Turtles
In: BSAVA Manual of Exotic pets (eds Redrobe and Meredith) BSAVA Cheltenham

McCauley S.J. and Bjorndal K.A. (1999)
Response to dietary dilution in an omnivorous Freshwater turtle: Implications for ontogenetic dietary shifts
Physiol Biochem Zool 72 (1) 101-108

McKown R.D. (1998)
A cystic calculus from a wild Western Spiny Softshell Turtle Apalone (Trionyx) spiniferus hartwegi
J Zoo Wildl Med 2993:347

McLean H.A., Mitchell GF.S. and Milsom W.K. (1989)
Effects of prolonged inflation on the pulmonary stretch receptor discharge in turtles
Resp Physiol 75: pp 75-88

Meier J.E. and Sanbourne W. (1982)
A preliminary report on the management and treatment of salmonellosis with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole in an exotic animal nursery
J Zoo An Med 13, pp 26-29

Messonier S.P. (1996)
Common reptile diseases and their treatment
Blackwell Science, Osney Mead, Oxford pp 106-108

Meyer J. (1996)
Röntgenologische, Computertomographische und Kernspintomographische Untersuchungen zum Verdauungstrakt der Griechischen Landschildkröte (Testudo hermanni)
Dissertation, Univ. Wien, Austria

Meyer J. (1998)
Gastrographin as a gastrointestinal contrast agent in the Greek tortoise (Testudo hermanni)
J Zoo Wildl Med 29 (2) 183-9

Michell A.R., Bywater R.J., Clarke K.W., Hall L.W. and Waterman A.E. (1989)
Veterinary Fluid Therapy
Blackwell Scientific Publications

Migaki G, Jacobson ER and Casey HW (1984)
Fungal Diseases of Reptiles
In: In: Hoff GL, Frye FL, Jacobson ER (eds): Diseases of Amphibians and Reptiles. Plenum, pp 183-204

Millam, JR (1997)
Reproductive physiology
In: Altman RB, Clubb SL, Dorrestein GM & Quesenberry K (eds)
Avian Medicine and Surgery. WB Saunders, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania pp 12-26

Millichamp, N.J., Jacobson E.R. and Wolf E.D. (1983)
Diseases of the eye and ocular adnexae in reptiles
JAVMA, Vol. 183, No. 11 Dec.1, pp 1205-1023

Millichamp NJ (1988)
Surgical Techniques in Reptiles
In: Contemporary Issues in Small Animal Practice 9: Exotic Animals, eds Jacobson E.R. and Kolias G.V.,
Churchill Livingstone, New York, pp 49-59

Michelll M. A. (2002)
Diagnosis and Management of Reptile Orthopaedic Injuries
VCNA Vol 5 No 1 Jan 2002, pp 97-114

Michell A.R., Bywater R.J., Clarke K.W., Hall L.W. and Waterman A.E. (1989)
Veterinary Fluid Therapy
Blackwell Scientific Publications

Migaki G., Jacobson E.R. and Casey H.W. (1984)
Fungal Diseases of Reptiles
In: Hoff GL, Frye FL, Jacobson ER (eds): Diseases of Amphibians and Reptiles. Plenum, pp 183-204

Minnich J.E, (1972)
Excretion of urate salts by reptiles
Comp Biochem Physiol 41, pp 535-549

Minnich J.E.(1976)
Comparison of field water budgets in the tortoises Gopherus agassizii and G.polyphemus
Am. Zool. 16:219

Minnich J.E., (1982)
The Use Of Water.
In: Gans, C and Harvey Pough, F (eds.): Biology of The Reptilia, Volume 12, Physiological Ecology. London, Academic Press, 1982, pp 325-395

Moll E.O. (1979)
Reproductive Cycles and adaptations In "Turtles" (M. Harless and H. Morlock, eds)
John Wiley and Sons, New York pp 305-331

Montali R.J. (1988)
Comparative pathology of inflammation in the higher vertebrates (Reptiles, Birds & Mammals)
J Comp Path 99

Montali R.J., Bush M. and Smeller J.M. (1979)
The pathology of nephrotoxicity of gentamicin in snakes
Vet Path 16:108

Moon P.F and Stabenau E.K (1996)
Anaesthetic and post-anesthetic management of sea turtles
JAVNA 208 (5) pp 720-726

Moore M.C. and Lindzey J. (1992)
The physiological basis of sexual behaviour in male reptiles
Biology of the Reptilia Vol18, Physiology E: Hormones, Brain and Behaviour (eds. Gans C and Crews D) pp 70-113

Morreale S.J., Ruiz G.J. Spotilla J.R. and Standora E.A. (1982)
Temperature dependent sex determination: current practices threaten conservation of sea turtles
Science 216 p 1245

Moser H. (1973)
Helminths in the alimentary tract of tortoises and therapeutic trials with various anthelminthics
Thesis, University Munich

Moyle, (1946)
Nitrogenous excretion in chelonian reptiles
Biochem J 44: 581-584

Millam J.R. (1997)
Reproductive physiology
In: Altman R.B., Clubb S.L., Dorrestein G.M. and Quesenberry K: Avian Medicine and Sugery. WB Saunders, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania pp 12-26

Miller J.D. and Limpus C.J. (1981)
Incubation period and sexual differentiation in the green turtle Chelonia mydas L.
In: Proceedings of the Melbourne Herpetological Symposium: Banks C.B. and Martin A.A. eds, Zoological Board of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia p 66

Miller J.D (1996)
Reproduction in Sea Turtles
In: Biology of the Sea Turtles, Eds Lutz P. and Musick J.A . CRC Press, pp 51-81

Millichamp N.J. (1988)
Surgical Techniques in Reptiles
In: Contemporary Issues in Small Animal Practice 9: Exotic Animals, Ed Jacobson E.R. and Kolias G.V.,
Churchill Livingstone, New York pp 49-59

Mrosovsky N. (1980)
Thermal Biology of Sea Turtles
Am Zool 20 p 531

Mrosovsky N. and Yntema C.L (1980)
Temperature dependence of sexual differentiation in Sea Turtles: implications for conservation practices
Biol Conserv 18, p 271

Mrosovsky N., Bass A., Corliss L.A., Richardson J.I. and Richardson T.H. (1992)
Pivotal and beach temperatures for hawksbill turtles nesting in Antigua
Can J Zoo. 70, p 1920

Müller M., Zangger N. and Denzler T. (1988)
Iridovirus-Epidemie bei der grieschischen Landschildkrote (Testudo hermanni hermanni)
Verhandl Ber 30 Intern. Symp. Erkrg Zoo- und Wilft, Sofia: 271-274

Müller M., Sachsse W. and Zangger N. (1990)
Herpesvirus-Epidemie bei der griechischen (Testudo hermanni) und der maurischen Landschildkrote (Testudo graeca) in der Schweiz
Schweiz. Arch. Tierhilkd 132:199-203

Müller M., Lang J., Schwalder P. and Rytz U. (1989)
Coeliotomy in Tortoises: Remedy for Dystocia and Gastrointestinal Foreign Body
Scweiz Arch Tierheilk 131, pp 485-493

Muro J., Ramis A., Pastor J., Velarde R., Tarres J. and Lavin S. (1998)
Chronic rhinitis associated with herpesviral infection in captive spur-thighed tortoises from Spain.
W J Wildl Dis 1998, Jul 34(3): 487-95

Muro J., Cuenca R., Pastor J., Vinas L. and Lavin S. (1998)
Effects of lithium heparin and tripotassium EDTA on haematologic values of Hermann’s Tortoises Testudo hermanni
J Zoo Wildl Med 29(1): 40-44

Murphy F.A and Kingsbury D.W (1990)
Virus taxonomy In Field Virology (BN Field and DM Knipe, eds)
Raven Press Ltd New York, New York, pp 9-35

Murray M.J. (1996)
Pneumonia and Respiratory Function
In: Mader (ed): Reptile Medicine and Surgery
WM Saunders, Philadelphia pp 396-406

Murray M.J. (2000)
Reptilian blood sampling and artifact considerations
In: Fudge AM (ed): Laboratory Medicine Avian and Exotic Pets. WB Saunders, Philadelphia, pp 185-192

N Top

Nagy K. and Medica P.A. (1986)
Physiological ecology in Desert Tortoises in southern Nevada
Herpetologica 42:73

Nakamura K. (1980)
Carotenoids in serum of Pacific Green Turtle Chelonia mydas
Bulletin of the Japanese Society of Scientific Fisheries 46:909-910

Nami, R and Gennari, C (1995)
Calciotropic Hormones And Blood-Pressure In Chronic-Renal-Failure
Italian Journal Of Mineral & Electrolyte Metabolism Vol 9 No 2 P- 113-118 Is- 1121-1709

Needham J.R.
Microbiology and laboratory techniques
In: Diseases of the Reptilia, Vol 1. Cooper JE, Jackson O (Eds). Academic Press, 1981 p 97

Nicholson S.E. and Lutz P.L. (1989)
Salt gland function in the green sea turtle
J Exp. Biol 144 pp 171-184

Nicol E. (1991)
Life with Turtles
Mid-Florida Publishing, Inc., Ocala, FL

Nilsson G.E. and Lutz P.E. (1991)
Release of inhibitory neurotransmitters in response to anoxia in turtle brain
Am J Physiol 261 pp 32-37

Norton T.M., Jacobson E.R., Caliguri R. and Kollias G.V. (1989)
Medical management of a Galapagos tortoise (Geochelone elephantopus) with hypothyroidism
J Zoo Wildl Med 20: 212-216

Norton T.M., Spratt J., Behler J. and Hernandez K (1998)
Medetomidine and ketamine anaesthesia with atipamizole reversal in private free ranging tortoises Gopherus polyphemus
Proc. ARAV, Kansas City 1988 pp 25-27

Nutter F.B., Lee D.D., Stamper M.A., Lewbart G.A. and Stoskopf M.K. (2000)
Hemiovariosalpingectomy in a Loggerhead Sea Turtle (Caretta caretta)
Vet Rec 146: 78-80

O Top

O’Donoghue P.J. (1995)
Cryptosporidium and cryptosporidiosis in man and animals
Int J Parasitol 25:139-195

Oettle E.E., Stetytler Y.G.M. and Williams M.C. (1990)
High Mortality in a Tortoise Colony
South African Journal of Wildlife Research 20 (1) pp 21-25

Oguro C. and Tomasina A. (1972)
Effects of parathyroidectomy on serum calcium concentrations of the turtle Geoclemys reevesii
Gen. Comp. Endocr. 19 pp 587-588

Oguro C., Tomasina A. and Matuoka N. (1974)
Effect of parathyroidectomy on the serum calcium and phosphorous concentrations in the tortoise Testudo hermanni
Zool. Magazine 83, pp 201-202

Oie S, Kamiya A, Tomita M, Katayama A, Iwasaki A and Miyamura S (1999)
Efficacy of disinfectants and heat against Escherichia coli O157:H7
Microbios 98 (389) pp 7-14

Oppenheim Y.C and Moon P.F. (1995)
Sedative effects of midazolam in Red-eared Sliders
J Zoo Wildl Med 26 (3) pp 409-413

Origgi F.C. (1999)
Development Of An ELISA And An Immunoperoxidase Based Test For Herpesvirus Exposure Detection In Tortoises
Proc ARAV, Columbus Ohio 1999 pp 65-68

Origgi F., Jacobson E. and Klein P. (1999)
University of Florida Wildlife and Zoological Medicine web site.

Orós J., Rodríguez J.L, Déniz S., Fernández L.and Fernández J. (1998)
Cutaneous poxvirus-like infection in a captive Hermann’s tortoise (Testudo hermanni)
Vet Rec 143, pp 508-509

O’Steen S. and Janzen F.J. (1999)
Embryonic temperature affects metabolic compensation and thyroid hormones in hatchling snapping turtles
Pysiol Biochem Zool, 72 (5) pp 520 - 533

Ottaviani G. and Tazzi A. (1977)
The Lymphatic System
In: Biology of the Reptilia Vol 6 (Eds Gans C. and Parsons T.S.) Academic Press, New York

Owens D.W. and Rutz G.J. (1980)
New methods of obtaining blood and cerebrospinal fluid from marine turtles
Herpetologica 36 (1) pp 17-20

Owens D. W. (1996)
Hormones In The Life History Of Sea Turtles
In: Biology of the Sea Turtles, Eds Lutz P. and Musick J.A., CRC Press pp 315-342

Oyewale J.O., Ebute C.P., Ogunsanmi A.O., Olayemi F.O. and Durotoye L.A. (1998)
Weights and blood profiles of the West African Hinge-backed tortoise Kinixys erosa and the desert tortose Gopherus agassizii
Zentralbl. Veterinarmed A 45 (10) 599-605

P Top

Packard M. (1982)
Stucture of eggshells and water -relations of reptilian eggs.
Herpetologica 38(l):p136+

Page C.D. (1985)
Soft Tissue coeliotomy in an Aldabran Tortoise
J Zoo Anim Med 16 p 113

Page C.D (1993)
Current Reptilian Anaesthesia Procedures
In Fowler M.E. (ed) Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine, Current Therapy 3, W.B. Saunders, Philadelephia p 140-143

Page C.D., Mautino M., Meyer J.R. and Mechlinski W. (1988)
Preliminary pharmacokinetics of ketoconazole in Gopher Tortoises Gopherus polyphemus.
J Vet Pharmacol Ther 11:397-401

Page C.D., Jacobson E.R., Mechlinski W and others (1986)
Medical Management of a debilitated Leopard Tortoise
Proceedings Am Ass of Zoo Vets p 118

Page C.D. and Mautino M. (1990)
Clinical Management of the Tortoise.
Compendium of Small Animals Vol 12, No 2, 221-228.

Page C.D., Mautino M., Derendorf H. and Mechlinski W. (1991)
Muliple dose pharmacokinetics of ketoconazole administered to Gopher Tortoises Gopherus polyphemus.
J Zoo Wildl Med 22:191-198

Palmer D.G., Rübel A., Mettler F. and Volker L (1984)
Experimentally induced skin changes in tortoises by high parental doses of Vitamin A
Zbl. Vet Med. A. 31: 625

Parsons, Th.S. and Cameron, J.E. (1977)
Internal relief of the digestive tract In: Gans, C.and Parsons, T.S. (eds.): Biology of the Reptilia, 6, Morphology E, Academic Press, London and New York, p. 159-223

Pasmans F., De Herdt P., Chasseur-Libotte M.L., Ballasina D.L.Ph. and Haesebrouck F. (2000)
Occurrence of Salmonella in tortoises in a rescue centre in Italy
Vet Rec 146 p 256-258

Pauler I. (1990)
Zur Nachzucht der Spaltenschildkröte Malacochersus tornieri.
Herpetofauna 12 (66). p 6-10

Peaker M. (1969)
Some Aspects on the thermal requirements of Reptiles in captivity.
International Zoo Yearbook Vol 9 (Ed Lucas J.) Zoological Society , London p 3-7

Peirce M.A. and Castleman A.R.W. (1974)
An intraerythrocytic parasite of the Moroccan Tortoise.
J. Wildl. Dis.:10:139-142

Pence D.B. and Wright S.D. (1998)
Chelonacarus elongatus n. gen., n. sp. (Acari: Cloacaridae) from the cloaca of the Green Turtle Chelonia mydas (Cheloniidae).
J Parasitol. 84:835-839

Penninck D.G., Stewart J.S. Paul-Murphy J. and Pion P. (1991)
Ultrasonography of the Californian Desert Tortoise. (Anatomy and Application)
Veterinary Radiology 32, (3), p112-116.

Perry CM, Markham A (1999)
Piperacillin/tazobactam: an updated review of its use in the treatment of bacterial infections.
Drugs 57(5): 805-43

Petney T.N. and Knight M.M. (1988)
Treatment of Ticks on tortoises using Amitraz.
Journal of South African Veterinary Assn. 59, (4), p206.

Pettan-Brewer K.C.B., Drew M.L., Ramsay E., Mohr F.C. and Lowenstine L.J. (1996)
Herpesvirus particles associated with oral and respiratory lesions in a California desert tortoise (Gopherus agassizi).
Journal of Wildlife Diseases 32:521-526

Pichelin S., Cribb T.H. and Bona F.V. (1998)
Glossocercus chelodinae (MacCallum 1921) n. comb. (Cestoda: Dilepididae) from freshwater turtles in Australia and a redefinition of the genus Bancroftiella Johnston, 1911.
Systematic parasitology 39:165-181

Pieau C. (1975)
Temperature and sex differentiation in embryos of two chelonians Emys orbicularis L and Testudo graeca L in Intersexuality in the animal kingdon (R. Reinboth Ed) New York, Springer Verlag; Pp 332-339

Pieau C. and Dorizzi M. (1981)
Determination of Temperature sensitive stages for sexual differentiation of the gonads in the embryo of the turtle Emys orbicularis
J Morph 170 : 373-382

Pieau C. (1982)
Modalities of the action of sexual differentiation in the field developing embryos of the European pond turtle Emys orbicularis
J Exp Zool. (220) :353-360

Platt T.R. (2000)
Helminth parasites of the western painted turtle Chrysemys picta belli (Gray), including Neopolystoma elizabethae n. sp. (Monogenea: polystomatidae), a parasite of the conjunctival sac.
J Parasitology 86(4):815-8

Plisetskaya, E. and Duguay, S.J. (1993)
Pancreatic hormones and metabolism in ectotherm vertebrates: current views.
In Schreibmann M., Scanes C.G. and Pang P.K.T.: The endocrinology of growth, development, and metabolism in vertebrates. Academic press, San Diego, New York

Polanyi T.G. (1978)
Physics of the surgical laser.
In Adv Surg Oncol; 1: 205-215.

Pokras M.A., Sedgewick C.J. and Kaufman G.E. (1992)
In: Benyon PH, Lawton MPC, Cooper JE (Eds): Manual of Reptiles. BSAVA

Posthaus H., Bacciarini L.N., Pagan O. Krampe M. and Heldstab A. (1997)
Causes of Mortality in Hawksbill turtles (Eretmochelys Imbricata) at the Basle Zoo
Verh. ber. Erkrg. Zootiere 38: p 39-42

Posthaus H., Marschang R.E., Gravendyk M. and Bacciarini L.N. (1997)
Study on Herpesvirus Infections in Land Tortoises in Switzerland
Proceedings American Association of Zoo Veterinarians: Houston, Texas Oct 26-30 1997p 17-18

Pranger H.D. and Greenwald L., (1980)
Effects of dehydration on the urine concentration and salt secretion of the green sea turtle,
Comp. Biochem Physiol 66A p 133-136

Pritchard P (1979)
Encyclopaedia of Turtles

Prezant RM, Isaza I, Jacobson ER (1994)
Plasma concentrations and disposition kinetics of enrofloxacin in Gopher Tortoises Gopherus polyphemus.
J Zoo Wildl Med 25:82-87

Prezant R.M. and Jarchow J.L. (1997)
Lactated fluid use in reptiles: is there a better solution?
1997 Proceedings Association of Reptilian and Amphibian Veterinarians Pp 83-87

Plummer M. and others (1994)
Thermal limits of incubation in embryos of softshell turtles (Apalone mutica).
Chelonian Conservation and Biology. 1(2):141-144.

Pye G.W., Jacobson E.R., Newell S.M. et al (1999)
Serratia marcescens Infection in a gopher tortoise , Gopherus polyphemus , and use of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in diagnosing systemic disease.
Bull Assoc Rept Amphib Vet 9 (4) p 8-11

Q Top

Quackenbush S.L., Work T.M., Balazs G.H. Casey R.N, Rovnak J., Chaves A., duToit L., Baines J.D. Parrish C.R. Bowser P.R. and Casey J.W. (1998)
Three closely related herpesviruses are associated with fibropapillomatosis in marine turtles.
Virology 246: 392-399.

R Top

Rahal, S.C., Teixeira, C.R., Castro, G.B. and Vulcano, L.C. (1998)
Intestinal obstruction by stones in a turtle.
Canadian Vet Journal 39(6): 375-376.

Raiti P. (1995)
Reproductive Biology of Reptiles
Proceedings Association of Reptile and Amphibian Veterinarians p 96-100

Raiti P. (1995)
Reproductive Problems of Reptiles
Proceedings Association of Reptile and Amphibian Veterinarians p 101-105

Raiti P. and Haramati N. (1997)
Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Computerised Tomography of a Gravid Leopard Tortoise (Geochelone pardalis pardalis) with Metabolic Bone Disease.
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 28(2):189-197

Raiti P., Jarchow J., Heard D., Mitchell M., and Innis C. (2001)
Improving the quality of care offered to Reptiles
Jour Herp Med and Surg 11, 1, p 17-26

Raphael B, Clark CH, Hudson R (1985)
Plasma concentrations of gentamicin in turtles.
J Zoo Anim Med 16:136

Raphael B.L., Klemens M.W., Moehlman P., Dierenfeld W.B. and Karesh W.B. (1994)
Blood values in free-ranging Pancake Tortoises Malachochersus tornieri.
J Zoo Wildl Med 25(1):63-67

Raphael B,Papich M, Cook RA (1994)
Pharmacokinetics of enrofloxacin after a single intramuscular injection in Indian Star Tortoises.
J Zoo Wildl Med 25:88-94

Raphael B.L., Dierenfeld E.S. and Spratt J. (1995)
Circulating Vitamin A and E concentrations of free ranging gopher Tortoises Gopherus polyphemus.
Proc. 5th Intl. Symp. Pathol. Rept. Amphib. Alphen a.d.Rijn. p321

Raskin R.E. (2000)
Reptilian Complete Blood Count.
In: A.M.Fudge (ed.): Laboratory Medicine: Avian and Exotic Pets. W.B.Saunders. Pp193-197

Rebell H., Rywlin A. and Haines H.A. (1975)
Herpesvirus-type agent associated with skin lesions of Green Turtles in aquaculture.
Am J Vet Res 36:1221-1224

Redrobe S. (1996)
Post-hibernation anorexia in tortoises
Vet Rec 138 p 480

Redrobe S (1996)
Reptile Radiography and Ultrasonography
Proc Br Vet Zool Soc p 1-7

Redrobe S (1997)
An Introduction to Chelonian Radiography and Ultrasonography
Testudo Vol. 4 No. 4 pp 34-40

Richter A.G. and Benirschke K. (1977)
Venepuncture sites defined and chromosomal count in two giant tortoises
Zoonoz 50 (2) 129-134

Richter A.G. Olsen K., Fletcher K., Benirschke K. and Bogart M.(1977)
Techniques for Collection of Blood From Galapagos Tortoises and Box Turtles
Veterinary Medicine Small Animal Clinician: 72 (8) p 1376-1378

Riddle, O. (1909)
The rate of digestion in cold-blooded vertebrates. The influence of season and temperature.
Am.J. Physiol. 24. p. 447-458

Rideout B.A., Montali R.J., Phillips L.J. and Gardiner C.H. (1987)
Mortality of captive tortoises due to viviparous nematodes of the genus Proatractis (family Atractidae).
Journal of Wildlife Diseases 23(1):103-108

Rimblot F., Fretey J., and Mrosovsky N., Lescure J. and Pieau C. (1985)
Sexual Differentiation as a function of incubation temperature in the sea turtle Dermochelys coriacea
Amphibia-Reptila 6 p 83

Rival F (1993)
Anaesthesie et Reanimation Des Reptiles
Proceedings of the Annual Congress CNVSPA Paris 311-322

Robbins R.G., Karesh W.B., Calle PP, Leontyeva O.A., Pereshkolnik S.L. and Rosenburg S
First records of Hyaloma aegypytium from the Russian spur-thighed tortoise Testudo graeca nikolskii, with an analysis of tick population dynamics
J Paritol 84 (6) 1303-5

Robeck TR, Rostal DC, Burchfield PM, Owens DW, Kraemer DC (1990)
Ultrasound imaging of reproductive organs and eggs in Galapagos tortoises, Geochelone elephantopus spp.
Zoo Biol. 9:349-359

Rollinat E. (1934)
La Vie des Reptiles de la France Centrale
Paris: Librarie Delagrave from Elkan (1980)

Rooney M.B., Levine G., Gaynor J., MacDonald E. and Wilmsatt J.(1999)
Sevoflurane anaesthesia in Desert Tortoises (Gopherus agasizii)
Jour Zoo Wildl Med 30 1: p 64-69

Rose F.L. (1969)
Tortoise chin gland fatty acid composition. Behavioral significance.
Comp Biochem Physiol 32 : 577-580

Rosol T.J., Chew D.J, Nagode L.A. and Capen C.C.(1998)
Pathophysiology of calcium metabolism.

Veterinary Clinical Pathology 24(2):49-63

Ross R. and Marzec G. (1984).
The Bacterial Diseases of Reptiles.
Institute for Herpetological Research. Stanford, CA.

Rosskopf W.J. and Woerpel R.W. (1981)
Repair Of Shell Damage In Tortoises
Modern Veterinary Practice (62) p 938-939

Rosskopf W.J. (1981)
Initial Findings in a three-year Mortality Study on Desert Tortoises
Tortuga Gazette May 1981 p 4-5

Rosskopf WJ (1982)
Normal haemogram and blood biochemistry values for Californian Desert Tortoises.
Vet Med / Small Animal Clinician 77

Rosskopf W.J. Woerpel R.W. and Pitts B.J. (1982)
Paraphimosis in a Californian Desert Tortoise
California Veterinarian (1) p 29-30

Rosskopf W.J. and Weoerpel R.W. (1983)
Treatment of an egg-bound turtle
Modern veterinary practice 64 p 644-645

Rosskopf W.J., Woerpel R.W., Pitts B.J. and Rosskopf G.A (1983)
Abdominal Surgery in Turtles and Tortoises
Animal Health Tech Vol 4 Part 6 p 326-329

Rosskopf W.J. and Weoerpel R.W. (1983)
Treatment of an egg-bound turtle
Modern veterinary practice 64 p 644-645

Rosskopf W.J. (1986)
Shell disease in turtles and tortoises
In Kirk R.W. ed Current Veterinary TherapyIX W.B. Saunders Philadelphia p 751-759

Rosskopf W.J. (2000)
Disorders of reptilian leukocytes and erythrocytes.
In: A.M.Fudge (ed.): Laboratory Medicine: Avian and Exotic Pets. W.B.Saunders. Pp198-204

Rostal D.C., Robeck T.R., Owens D.W. and Kraemer D.C (1990)
Ultrasound imaging of ovaries and eggs in Kemps Ridley Sea Turtles (Lepiochelys kempi)
Journ. Zoo and Wildl. Med. 21 (1) p 27-35

Rostal D.C., et al (1996).
Reproductive Physiology of the nesting leatherback turtles (Dermochelys coriacea) while nesting on land.
Chelonian Conservation and Biology 2 (2) p 230-236

Rostal D.C., et al (1997).
Nesting Physiology of Kemp’s Ridley sea turtles (Lepidochelys kempi) at Ranch Nuevo, Tamaulipas, Mexico, with Observations on Population Estimates.
Chelonian Conservation and Biology 2 (4) p538-547

Rostal D.C., et al (1998).
Seasonal Reproductive Cycle of the Galapagos Tortoise (Geochelone nigra).
Zoo Biology 17: p 505-517

Rowley J. (1985)
Vitamin A deficiency in a Turtle.
Modern Veterinary Practice 66, (1), p42-43.

Rübel G.A., Isenbugel E. and Wolvekamp T. (1991a)
An Atlas of Diagnostic Radiology of Exotic Pets, Reptiles: Tortoises and Turtles (Rad. Technique)
(Wolf Publishing Ltd) p176 -195.

Rübel G.A, Kuoni W. and Frye F.L. (1991b)
Radiology and Imaging
In Biomedical and Surgical Aspects of Captive Reptile Husbandry 2nd Edn Melbourne FL, Krieger Publishing
p 185-208

Rübel G.A., and Kuoni, W. (1992)
Die Diagnose von Erkrankungen des Urogenitaltraktes von Reptilien mittels bildgebenden Verfahren (speziell MRI)
In Tagungsbericht 4. Int Colloquium fur Pathologie und Therapie der Reptilien und Amphibien, DVG Bad Nauheim

Rübel, A., W. Kuoni, N. Augustiny and R. Baumgartner (1994)
Application of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) to Tortoises.
In R.H. Ippen, R.R. (eds.) 36. Internationalen Symposiums uber die Erkrankungen der Zootiere. Berlin, Germany pp. 169-173.

Rübel A., Kuoni W., Augustiny N. (1994)
Emerging technique: CT Scan and MRI in reptile medicine.
Seminars in Avian and Exotic animal Medicine 3 (3) p156-160

Ruiz G., Standora E., Spotila J., Morreale S., Camhim M. and Ehrenfeld D (1981)
Artificial incubation of sea turtle eggs affects sex ratios of hatchlings
Abstract, Joint Ann Meet. SSAR and Herpetol. League p68

S Top

Saeki K, Sakakibara H, Sakai H, Kunito T, Tanabe S. (2000)
Arsenic accumulation in three species of sea turtles.
Biometals 2000 Sep;13(3):241-50

Sahoo G., Sahoo R.K. and Mohanty-Hejmadi P (1998)
Calcium metabolism in olive ridley turtle eggs during embryonic development.
Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 121 (1) 91-7

Saint Girons M.C. (1970)
Morphology of the circulating blood cells.
In: Gans, C. Parsons TS (eds): Biology of the Reptilia, Vol 3. San Diego, Academic Press p86

Samour J. (1984)
Blood Sampling Techniques in Reptiles
Vet Rec 114 p 472-476

Samour J.H. Hawkey C.M., Pugsey S., and Ball D. (1986)
Clinical and pathological findings related to malnutrition and husbandry in captive giant tortoises (Geochelone species)
Vet. Rec. 118 p299-302

Sarkar S., Sarkar N.K. Bhattacharyya S. and Das P. (1997)
Melatonin action on thyroid activity in the soft shelled turtle, Lissemys punctata punctata (1997)
Folia Biol (Krakow) 45 (3-4), pp 109 – 112

Satorhelyi T. and Sreter T. (1993)
Studies on Internal Parasites of Tortoises
Parasit. Hung. 26:51-55,

Savage M. and Baker J.R. (1980)
Incidence of Salmonella in recently imported tortoises
Vet Rec 106 p 558

Sawin T.C., Bacharach P. and Saisin C.T. (1981)
Thyrotropin-releasing hormone and thyrotropin in control of thyroid function in the turtle, Chrysemys picta.
Gen.Comp.Endocrinol. 45:7-11

Scaife K.J.(1994)
Flourescent tubes
Vet Rec 134 p 395

Schildger B.J. (1987)
Endoscopic sex determination in reptiles
Proc 1st Int conf Zoo and Avian Med pp 369-375

Schildger B. and Wicker, R. (1992).
Endoskopie bei Reptilien und Amphibiens – Indikationen, Methoden, Befunde. Praktische-Tierarzt 73(6): 516-526,

Schildger, B. (1994).
Endoscopic examination of the urogenital tract in reptiles.
Proceedings of the Association of Reptilian and Amphibian Veterinarians Annual Conference, pp60-61.

Schildger B.J., Casares M., Kramer M., Spoerle H., Gerwing M., Ruebel A., Tentiu H. and Goebel T. (1994)
Technique of ultrasonography in lizards, snakes and chelonians.
Seminars in Avian and Exotic Pet Medicine 3:147-155

Schildger, B. (1997)
Zur technik der Gastroskopie bei Schildkroten.
Internationalen Symposiums uber die Erkrankungen der Zoo und Wildtiere, Zurich, Schweiz, pp73-75.

Schobert E. (1987)
Telazol – use in wild and Exotic animals
Veterinary Medicine p1080 1088

Schoffeniels E. and Tercafs R.R.(1965)
Adaptation d’un reptile marin, Caretta caretta, a l’eau douce et d’un reptile d’eau douce, Clemmys leprosa, a l’eau de mer.
Ann. Soc. Roy. Zool. Belg. 96:1-8

Schmalz, M and Stein, R. 1994
Malacochersus torneri: Beobachtungen bei Haltung und Nachzucht
Salamandra 30 (1) 12 – 21.)

Schmidt R.E. and Fletcher K.C. (1983)
Non O-Group 1 Vibrio cholera infection in a Desert Tortoise (Gopherus berlanderi)
Jour Wildl Dis Vol 19 (4) p 358-359

Schmidt Nielson K. and Frange R., (1958)
Salt Glands In Marine Reptiles,
Nature (Lond) 182:783

Schmidt Nielson K., Borut A., Lee P. and Crawford E., (1963)
Nasal Salt Excretion And The Possible Role Of The Cloaca In Water Conservation.
Science 142: 1300

Schmidt-Nielson K. and Bentley P.J.(1966)
Desert Tortoise Gopherus agassizii: cutaneous water loss.
Science 154:911

Schumacher G.H. (1973)
The Head Muscles And Hyolaryngeal Skeleton Of Turtles And Crocodiles
In Gans C and Parsons TS (eds) Biology of the Reptilia, Academic Press, London

Schumacher I.M., Brown M.B., Jacobson E.R., Collins B.R. and Klein P.A. (1993)
Detection of antibodies to a pathogenic mycoplasma in desert tortoises (Gopherus agassizii) with upper respiratory tract disease.
Jour Clinical Microbiology, 31: 1454-1460.

Schumacher I.M., Bradford-Haddenbrook D., Brown M.B., Jacobson E.R. and Klein P.A. (1997)
Relationship Between Clinical Signs Of Upper Respiratory Tract Disease And Antibodies To Mycoplasma Agassizii In Desert Tortoises From Nevada
Journal of Wildlife Disease 32 (3) pp 261-266

Schumacher J. (1996)
Reptiles and Amphibians
In Thurman J.C., Tranquilli W.J. and Benson G.J. (eds) Veterinary Anaesthesia (ed3) Philadelphia PA , Williams and Wilkins p 670-685

Schumacher J, Jacobson ER (1995)
Problems with metabolic scaling of antimicrobial dosages in reptiles.
1994 Proc Am Ass Zoo Vet p94

Schumacher J. (2000)
Fluid Therapy in Reptiles
In Bonagura J.D. (ed) Kirks Current Veterinary Therapy XIII SAP, WB Saunders Philadelphia p 1170-1173

Schumacher J. and Toal, R.L. (2001)
Advanced Radiography and Ultrasonography in Reptiles
Seminars in Avian and Exotic Pet Medicine
Vol 10, No4, Oct 2001, WB Saunders and Co, Philadelphia PA, p162-168

Scott P.W. (1992)
Nutritional diseases
In Manual of Reptiles (Beynon PH, Lawton MPC and Cooper JEC eds) BSAVA, Cheltenham p145

Scott P W (1996)
Nutritional Diseases in Reptile Medicine and Surgery
BVZS Proceedings 1996

Seccareccia V.J., Lloyd M.L. and Martin J.C. (1997)
Coagulation parameters of clinically normal Radiated Geochelone radiata and Leopard Geochelone pardalis Tortoises.
Proceedings Association of Reptilian and Amphibian Veterinarians Pp 89-91

Sedgewick CJ and others (1984)
Scaling antimicrobial drug dosage regimens to minimum energy cost rather than body weight.
Am Assoc Zoo Vet Annu Proc 15.

Sedgewick C.J. (1988)
Anaesthesia for Reptiles, Birds, Primates and Small exotic Mammals
In Paddleford RR Manual of Small Animal Anaesthesia
New York: Churchill Livingstone , 1988 : p309-321

Seidel M.E. (1974)
Seasonal fluctuation of Plasma Protein in the Spiny Softshell Turtle Trionyx spinifera
Herpetologica 30(3): 283-285

Selmi A.L., Mendes G.M. McManus C. and Arrais P. (2002)
Intraocular pressure determination in clinically normal red-footed Tortoise (Geochelone carbonaria)
J. Zoo Wildl. Med.33 (1): pp.58-61

Semple R.E., Sigsworth D. and Stitt J.T.(1969)
Composition and volume of fluids in winter and summer of turtles native to Ontario, Canada.
J. Physiol. Lond. 204:39-40

Shaw S., Kabler S., and Lutz P. (1992)
Isoflurane- A safe and effective anaesthetic for marine and freshwater turtles
In Proceedings Intb Wildl Rehab 1992 p 112-119

Shindarov L, Galabov A, Vassileva V, Runevski N. (1969)
Multiplication of Myxovirus parainfluenzae 1 (Sendai) in lung tissue culture of tortoise (Testudo graeca). Zentralbl Veterinarmed [B] Dec;16(9):832-9

Shoop C.R. (1982)
Resuscitation of a leatherback Sea Turtle
Mar. Turtle Newsletter 21: p 5

Shortridge K.F., Ng M.H., Oya A. and Yip D.Y. (1975)
Arbovirus infections in Reptiles; Studies on the presence of Japanese encephalitis virus antibody in the plasma of the turtle, Trionyx sinensis
South Asian Journal of Tropical Med. Publ. Health (6) 615-617

Shortridge K.F. (1989)
Viruses of Reptiles
In Viruses of Lower Vertebrates (Ahne W. and Kurstan E. eds) Springer Verlag , Berlin, Heidelberg, New York p 89-104

Silverman S. and Jansen D.L. (1996)
Diagnostic imaging
In Mader (ed) Reptile Medicine and Surgery WM Saunders, Philadelphia p 382-385

Skoczylas R (1978)
Physiology of the Digestive Tract
In Biology of the Reptilia, Vol 8, pp589-717 Ed Gans C, Academic Press.

Slatopolosky E., Martin K., Hruska K. (1980)
Parathyroid hormone metabolism and its potential as uraemic toxin.
Am J.Physiol 239 F1-F12

Smith A.L. and Anderson C.R. (1980)
Susceptibility of two turtle species to eastern equine encephalitis virus
J Wildl Dis (16) 615-617

Smith R.N. (1984)
The Tortoise Egg
Testudo Vol. 2 No. 4 pp 1-14

Smith R.N. (1985)
Anatomy of male and female genitalia of tortoises (Testudo graeca and Testudo hermanni)
Testudo Vol 2 No 4 p 1-14

Snipes K.P., Biberstein E.L. and Fowler M.E. (1980)
A Pasteurella species associated with respiratory disease in captive desert tortoises.
J.Am.Vet.Med.Assoc. 177:804-807

Snipes K.P., Kasten R.W., Calogoan J.M., and Boothby J.T. (1995)
Molecular Characterisation Of Pasturella testudinis Isolated From Desert Tortoises ( Gopherus agassizii) With And Without Upper Respiratory Tract Disease
Journal of Wildlife Diseases 31 (1) pp 22-29

Soifer F. (1978)
In: M.E.Fowler (ed.): Zoo and wild animal medicine. WB Saunders, pp138-143

Solomon S.E. (1985)
The morphology of the kidney of the marine turtle Chelonia mydas
J Anat 140, pp 355-369

Speer B.L. (1997)
Diseases of the urogenital system
In: Altman RB, Clubb SL, Dorrestein GM, Quesenberry K: Avian Medicine and Surgery. W.B.Saunders, p 633

Spörle and others (1991)
Blood levels of some anti-infectives in the Hermann’s Tortoise (Testudo hermanni).
In: 4th Int Colloq Pathol Med Reptiles Amphibians, Bad Nauheim, Germany.

Stabeau E.K., Moon P.A. and Hemming T.A. (1993)
Resuscitation of Sea Turtles
Marine Turtle Newsletter 62: pp 3-5

Stamper M.A., Papich M., Lewbart G. and others (1997)
Single dose pharmacokinetics of ceftazidime in Loggerhead Sea Turtles Caretta caretta
Ann Proc Am Assoc Zoo Vets 1997 p16

Stamper M.A., Papich M.G., Lewbart G.A., May S.B., Plummer D.D and Stoskopf M.K. (1999)
Pharmacokinetics of ceftazidime in Loggerhead Sea Turtles Caretta caretta after single intravenous and intramuscular injections
Journal of Zoo and Wildl Med 30 (1) pp 32-35

Standora E.A. and Spotila J.R. (1985)
Temperature Dependent Sex Determination In Sea Turtles
Copeia 1985 (3) pp 11-22

Stetson D.L., (1989)
Turtle urinary bladder: regulation of ion transport by dynamic changes in plasma membrane area
Am J Physiol 257 pp 973-981

Stewart J.S. (1990)
Anaerobic bacterial infections in reptiles
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 21: 180

Stock I, Wiedemann B (1998)
Identification and natural antibiotic susceptibility of Morganella morganii
Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 30(3) pp 153-65

Stoskopf M.K. (1989)
Clinical Imaging in Zoological medicine
Journ. Zoo and Wildl. Med. 20 (4) pp 396-412

Straub J. and Jurina K. (2001)
Magnetic Resonance Imaging In Chelonians
Seminars in Avian and Exotic Pet Medicine Vol 10, No4, Oct 2001
WB Saunders and Co, Philadelphia PA, pp 181-186

Stearns B. (1985)
Captive husbandry and propagation of tortoises
In: R. Gray (ed.) Proc. of N. CA Herp. Soc: Captive Prop. and Husb. of Rept. and Amph. pp 113-137

Stetson D.L. (1989)
Turtle urinary bladder: regulation of ion transport by dynamic changes in plasma membrane area
Am. J. Physiol. 257: 973-81

Stewart J.S. (1990)
Anaerobic bacterial infections in reptiles
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 21: 180

Stinner J.N. and Waddle R.L. (1988)
Effect of temperature upon carbon dioxide stores in the snake Coluber constrictor and the turtle Chrysemys picta
J Exp Biol 137: 529-548

Stokes L.C. (1992)
Respiratory System
Manual of Reptiles: BSAVA , Cheltenham, Gloucestershire pp 88-100

Stroud B.A., Borman E.R. and Nilson M.A. (1973)
Acute Bacterial Pneumonia In A Group Of Desert Tortoises (Gopherus agassizii)
Verterinary Medicine/ Small Animal Clinician pp 1115-1117

Sunderland R. and Veal J. (1999)
An Investigation into the faecal flora of clinically healthy tortoises
IVth B V Sc Research Project, University of Bristol

Svet-Moldavsky G.J., Trubcheninova L. and Ravkina L.I. (1967)
Pathogenicity of the Chicken Sarcoma Virus (Schmidt-Rupin) for Amphibians and Reptiles
Nature, Vol 214 April 15 1967 pp 300-302

Swingland I.R. and Coe M. (1978)
The natural regulation of giant tortoises on Aldabra Atoll: Reproduction
J.Zool., Lond. 186:285-309

T Top

Tangeredi B.P. and Evans R.H. (1997)
Organochlorine Pesticides Associated With Ocular, Nasal, Or Otic Infection In The Eastern Box Turtle (Terrapene carolina carolina)
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 28 (1) pp 97-100

Taylor, M. (1993)
Diagnostic applications of a new endoscopic system for birds
Proceedings of the European Conference on Avian Medicine and Surgery, Utrecht, Netherlands, pp 127-131

Teare J.A. and Bush M. (1983)
Toxicity and efficacy of ivermectin in chelonians
J A V M A 183: 1195-1197

Teifke JP, Lohr CV, Marschang RE, Osterrieder N and Posthaus H (2000)
Detection of chelonid herpesvirus DNA by nonradioactive in situ hybridization in tissues from tortoises suffering from stomatitis-rhinitis complex in Europe and North America
Vet Pathol Sep; 37(5) pp 377-85

Telford S.R. (1971)
Parasitic Diseases of Reptiles
J. A.V.M.A. 159: 1644-1652

Telford S.R. (1984)
Haemoparasites of Reptiles
In: Hoff GL, Frye FL, Jacobson ER: Diseases of Amphibians and Reptiles. Plenum, pp 385-517

Thompson S.T. (1932)
The Anatomy of the Tortoise
Scientific Proceedings of the Royal Dublin Society Vol 20 (28)

Thorson T.B. (1968a)
Body fluid partitioning in fresh water, marine and terrestrial chelonia
Am Zool 3: 529

Thorson T.B. (1968b)
Body Fluid Partitioning in Reptilia
Copeia 1968 (3) pp 592-601

Tinkle D.W. (1959)
Additional remarks on extra uterine egg migration in turtles
Herpetologica 15: 161-162

Tothill A., Johnson J.D., Wimsatt J. and Mangone B. (1999)
Effects of cisapride, metoclopramide and erythromycin on the prokinetic passage of ingested markers in the desert tortoise Gopherus agassizii.
1999 Proc Assoc Reptilian Amphibian Vet pp 143-144

Tristan T and Mader D (2000)
Head Trauma in a Green Sea Turtle Chelonia Mydas
Proc ARAV Reno Nevada p 133

Ullrey D.E. and Bernard J.B. (1995)
Vitamin D: Metabolism, Sources, Unique Problems in Zoo Animals, Meeting Needs
In: Fowler ME, Miller RE (eds): Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine; Current therapy, 4th edn. WB Saunders, pp 63-78

U Top

Underwood G. (1970)
The Eye
In: Gans C. and Parsons T.S. (Eds) Biology of the Reptila Vol2, Academic Press New York and London, pp 1-97
UNEP-WCMC (2001)
Animals of the World Database


Une Y., Uemura K., Nakano Y., Kamiie J., Ishibashi T. and Nomura Y
Herpesvirus Infection in Tortoises ( Malacochersus tornieri and Testuso horsfieldi)
Vet Pathol 36: 624-627

Upton S.J., Odell D.K. and Walsh M.T. (1990)
Eimeria caretta from the Loggerhead Sea Turtle
Can Jour Zool 68 p 1268

V Top

Vancutsem P.M., Babish J.G. and Schwark W.S. (1990)
The fluoroquinolone antibiotics: structure, antimicrobial activity, pharmacokinetics, clinical use in domestic animals and toxicity
Cornell Vet 80: 173-186

Van Devanter D.R., Warren P., Bennett L., Schultz E.R., Coulter S., Garber R.L and Rose T.M. (1996)
Detection and analysis of diverse herpesvirus species by consensus primer PCR
Journal of Clinical Microbiology 34, p 1666-1671

Vanrompay D., de Meurichy W., Ducatelle R. and Haesebrouck F. (1994)
Pneumonia in Moorish Tortoises associated with avian serovar A Chlamydia psittaci
Veterinary Record vol 135 (12) pp 284-285

Vieitas C.F. Lopez G.C and Marcovaldi M.A. (1999)
Local community involvement in conservation -The use of mini-guides in a program for sea turtles in Brazil
Oryx International journal of conservation Vol 33 No2 pp 127-131

Vinter, F.J. and Green, M. (1961)
The trade in tortoises
Vet Rec. 73 (13) pp 313-314

Vivien-Roels B, Arendt J. and Bradtke J. (1979)
Circadian and circannual fluctuations of pineal indolemines (Serotonin and Melatonin) in Testudo hermanni
General and Comparative Endocrinology 37, pp 197-210

Voprsalek T. and Simunek J. (1994)
The Importance of Vitamin A in Tortoises
Tierarzliche Umschau 49 (8) pp 502-505

W Top

Wallach J.D. (1971)
Environmental and nutritional diseases of captive reptiles
JAMVA 159: 1632

Wallach, J. D. and Hoff G. L. (1982)
Metabolic and nutritional diseases of reptiles
In: Hoff, G. L. and Davis, J.W. (eds). Noninfectious Diseases of Wildlife. Ames, Iowa. The Iowa State University Press, pp155-167

Wallach J.D. (1971)
Environmental and nutritional diseases of captive reptiles
JAMVA 159: 1632

Walls G.L. (1942)
The Vertebrate Eye and its Adaptive Radiation
Bloomfield Hills, MI, Cranbrook Institute of Science pp 602-640

Walsh M. (1999)
Rehabilitation of Sea Turtles
In: Eckert K.L., Bjorndal K.A., Abreu-Grobois F.A. and Donnely M.
Research And Management Techniques For The Conservation Of Sea Turtles IUCN/SSC pp 202-207

Warwick C. (1991)
Observations on disease-associated preferred body temperatures in reptiles
Applied Animal Behaviour Science 28 pp 375-380

Wenker C.J., Posthaus H., Haefeli W., Baumgartner R. and Isenbuegel E. (1997)
Parese der Hintergliedmassen bei Schildkroeten und Echsen – ausgewaehlte Faelle und Versuch einer Diagnostischen Annaeherung
Verh. Ber. Erkrg. Zootiere 38: 51-56

West N.H., Smits A.W. and Burggren W.W. ( 1974)
Factors terminating nonventilatory periods in the turtle Chelydra serpentina
Resp Physiol 77: pp 337-350

Westhouse R.A., Jacobson E.R, Harris R.K., Winter K.R. and Homer B.L. (1996)
Respiratory and pharyngo-oesophageal infection in a gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus)
J Wildl. Dis 32: 682-686

Wever E.G. and Vernon J.A. (1956)
Sound transmission in the turtle’s ear
Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 42, pp 292-299

Wever E G (1978)
The reptile ear: its structure and function
Princeton University Press.

Whitaker B.R. and Krum H. (1999)
Medical management of sea turtles in aquaria
In: Fowler ME, Miller RE (eds): Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine; Current therapy, 4th edn. WB Saunders, pp 217-231

Willete-Frahm M. (1995)
Blood Collection Techniques In Amphibians And Reptiles
In: Kirks Current Veterinary Therapy XII SAP pp 1344-1348

Wimsatt J., Johnson J., Mangone B.A., Tothill A., Childs J.M. and Peloquin C.A. (1999)
Claithromycin pharmacokinetics in the desert tortoise (Gopherus agassizii)
Journal of Zoo and Wildl Med 30 1: pp 36-43

Winokur R.M. and Legler J.M. (1975)
Chelonian Mental Glands
J Morph 147: 275-292

Wilkinson R.J. (2000)
Chelonian fluid therapy
Proceedings of the British Veterinary Zoological Society, Critical Care and Emergency Medicine, Potters Bar, Nov 2000 pp 19-24

With T.K. (1968)
Bile pigments: Chemical, biological and clinical aspects
Academic Press, New York & London, p 575

Witham R. (1973)
Focal Necrosis Of The Skin In Tank-Reared Sea Turtles
JAVMA Vol 163 (6) p 656

Witney E., Jammback H., Means R.G. and Watthews TH (1968)
Arthropod borne virus survey in St Lawrence County, New York
Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 17, 645-650

Wolke R.E., Brooks D.R. and George A. (1982)
Spirorchidiasis in Loggerhead Sea Turtles (Caretta caretta): pathology
Journal of Wildlife Diseases 18: 175-185

Wood F.E. and Wood J.R. (1983)
Hybridisation of Chelonia mydas and Eretmochelys imbricata
Copeia 1983 (3) 839-842

Wood F.E., Critchley K.H. and Wood J.R. (1983)
Anaesthesia in the Green Sea Turtle Chelonia mydas
Am J Vet Res 43: pp 1882-1883

Wood, J.R., Wood, F.E., Critchley, K.H., Wildt, D.E. and Bush, M. (1983)
Laparoscopy of the green sea turtle Chelonia mydas
British Journal of Herpetology 6(9) pp 323-327

Wood S.C. and Lenfant C.J. (1976)
Respiration: Mechanics, Control and Gas Exchange
In: Biology of the Reptilia Vol 5, Ed Gans C., Academic Press, pp 225-274

Work T.M. and Balazs G.H. (1999)
Relating tumour score to hematology in green turtles with fibropapillomatosis in Hawaii
J Wildl Dis 35 (4): 804-807

Wright R.D., Florey H.W. and Sanders A.G. (1957)
Observations on the gastric mucosa of Reptilia
Q.J.Exp. Physiol. 48 pp 1-14

Wright K. (1997)
Cryptosporidium controversy: When do you consider a reptile crypto free?
Proc ARAV 1997, Houston pp 169-173

Wronski T.J. Yen C.F. and Jacobson E.R. (1992)
Histomorphometric studies of dermal bone in the desert tortoise
J Wild. Dis 28: 603-609

Wright K. (1992)
Use of oral allopurinol and saline dialysis in the management of hyperuricaemia in the Chilean Tortoise
Bull ARAV 2 (1) p 7

Wurth S.M.A. and Musacchia X.J. (1964)
Renewal of intestinal epithelium in the freshwater turtle Chrysemys picta
Anat. Rec. 148 pp 427-439
Wyneken J., Burke T.J., Salmon M. and Pedersen D.K. (1988)
Egg failure in natural and relocated sea turtle nests
J Herp 22 (1) 88-96

Y Top

Yntema C.L. (1976)
Effects of incubation temperature on sexual differentiation in the turtle Chelydra serpentina
J. Morphol. 150 (2) 453-462

Yntema C. and Mrosovsky N. (1979)
Incubation temperature and sex ratio in hatchling loggerhead turtles: a preliminary report
Marine Turtle Newsletter 11, p 9

Yntema C.L. and Mrosovsky N. (1982)
Critical Periods And Pivotal Temperatures For Sexual Differentiation In Loggerhead Sea Turtles
Can J Zool. 60: 1012-1016

Young and Kaplan (1960)
Anaesthesia of turtles with chlorpromazine and sodium pentobarbitol
Proc. Anim. Care. Panel 10 pp 57-62

Yu Q, Lu Y, Nerurkar VR and Yanagihara R (2000)
Amplification and analysis of DNA flanking known sequences of a novel herpesvirus from green turtles with fibropapilloma
Arch Virol 2000; 145 (12): 2669-76

Yu Q, Hu N, Lu Y, Nerurkar VR, Yanagihara R, (2001)
Rapid acquisition of entire DNA polymerase gene of a novel herpesvirus from green turtle fibropapilloma by a genomic walking technique
J Virol Methods 2001 Feb 91 (2): 183-95

Z Top

Zhang-QiYa et al (2000)
Serological detection for the Trionyx sinensis virus
Acta-Hydrobiologica-Sinica 2000, 24: 4 pp 356-361

Zeman W., Falco F. and Falco J. (1967)
Repair of the carapace of a Box Turtle using a polyester resin
Lab Animal Care Vol 17 No 4, pp 424-425

Zwart P. and Truyens E.H.A. (1975)
Hexamitiasis in Tortoises
Vet Parasitology 1: 175-183

Zwart P. and Buitelaar M. (1980)
Candida tropicalis enteric infections and their treatment in Chelonians
Annual Proceedings Am. Ass. Zoo Vet. 58-59

Zwart P. (1987)
Advances in the veterinary care of chelonia over the past 20 years.
Testudo Vol 2 No 5 pp 1-14

Zwart P. (1992)
Urogenital system
In: Beynon P.H., Lawton M.P.C. and Cooper J.E. (eds.): Manual of Reptiles. Cheltenham, BSAVA, 1992, pp 117-127